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About Delhi, About New Delhi, New Delhi information, Delhi culture & history

Delhi, the capital of India, is situated in northern India and stands on the west bank of Yamuna River bounded by Uttar Pardesh and on the north, west and south by Haryana. Delhi is spread over an area of 1483 sq. kilometers, 216 meters above sea level and has a population of around 14 million.

New Delhi is famous for its culture, tradition and effervescent history.
The culture of Delhi reflects the rich heritage of the past coupled with the influence of modern lifestyle.
The monuments reflect our culture, tradition, art and design. Most of them are related to some historical events. Thus, they have great historical and archaeological importance. They symbolise our rich culture and architectural skills and excellence.

Delhi Metro - City Life line
When it comes to tourism, Delhi has something for everyone. Explore the tourist destinations in Delhi
When it comes to tourism, Delhi has something for everyone.
Minar, a historical heritage, is one of the greatest attractions for the tourists in Delhi. The Jama Masjid, built by Shah Jahan, is a great historical monument apart from being a place of worship. It is one of the biggest mosques in Asia. Its beauty and grandeur are worth seeing. This majestic structure silently narrates the glorious past. The Jantar Mantar is an architectural wonder. Located in the Central part of the city, it is a brilliant example of architectural excellence in India. This monument is of great astrological importance. Red Fort, another historical / monument are a great tourist attraction in the city. Built in red sandstone, it presents majestically the architectural skills of the past.

Explore the tourist destinations in Delhi
When it comes to tourism, Delhi has something for everyone. Explore the tourist destinations in Delhi

Delhi or Dilli is a lively city reflecting a perfect blend of modernization and traditional architectures.

Being a capital city of the Republic India, Delhi is the center of Government's legislature and judiciary systems.
Being the Capital of India, Delhi is the centre stage of all political activities. It is in Delhi that political fortunes are made or marred and the nation’s destiny is written. Once it was the city of royal power. Later it was seat of colonial power. Then it was a centre of bureaucratic power. Now it is emerging as important sector of corporate power too.

It was 1992 when Delhi has been declared as a state under the national capital territory Act. However, the city has become the capital of Independent India in 1950. Set on the both sides of River Yamuna, Delhi is seen as one of the fastest growing cities in India.
Delhi is my city. It is the capital of India. It is a big and beautiful city. It is situated on right sides of the Jamuna River.

The city reflects two sides of a same coin i.e. Old Delhi and New Delhi. Being a Union Territory, Delhi has 11 districts, on which New Delhi is one of them. New Delhi is a reflection of modern India with having VVIPs buildings, legislative homes and diplomat zones whereas Old Delhi gives an incredible picture of traditional and historical values of India.
With my family, I reached Delhi by train. After some rest, we undertook a visit to Delhi. Delhi is a historical city. It has been called by different names in different periods of time. On one hand there are Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Jantar Mantar, Qutub Minar, India Gate which narrate the glorious past of India; while Rashtrapati Bhawan, Lotus Temple, Parliament, to name a few, are the wonders of modern times.

Spread over an area of 1483 sq. kilometers, 216 meters above sea level, the city shares its boundary with two states - Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

The city that has existence of Victorian architecture was mainly found by George V, Emperor of India during the Delhi Durbar of 1911.

In the early 13th century the city passed into the hands of five successive Turkish and Afghans dynasties of Delhi. They built a sequence of forts and townships that are parts of the seven cities of Delhi. in 1526, Zahiruddin Babur defeated the last Lodhi Sultan and founded Mugal empire. Delhi came under the British control after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The British declared Calcutta as official capital. But in 1911 Delhi was again made the capital of India. It was made a Union Territory in 1956.

However, it was built by Edward Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker, British architects, in 1912. Delhi had been the seat of power for many rules, mainly in between 13th and 17th Centuries. During the time of Mahabharata, it was the capital of Pandavas called as 'Indraprastha', but during the regime of Shah Jahan, the city was known as Shahjahanabad (present known as 'Old Delhi').
Delhi is a very Old city. The Pandavas called it Indraprastha. The last Hindu king Prithvi Raj also ruled over it. The present Old Delhi was built by Shahjahan. It 1911, it was also made capital of India by the British. Since 1947 it is also the capital of independent India.

It is said that Delhi was destroyed and rebuilt seven times. During 1903, the tram service had been introduced in the city. Delhi has many historical monuments like - Qutab Minar (the world's tallest brick minaret), Humayun Tomb, Old Fort (Purana Qila), Jama Masjid, Jantar Mantar, Red Fort, Tuglaqabad Fort, Lotus Temple (also known as Bahai Temple) and Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Each year Delhi draw a huge number of tourists. The sites of interest are categorized in three areas. First, the British build New Delhi with all its government buildings. Second, all the historical monuments which have been left by the dynasties, who ruled Delhi. At third place, there are some great religious places. Some of the worth visiting places are - India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Red Fort, Qutub Minar, Humayun’s tomb, Jama Masjid, Jantar Mantra, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Birla Mandir, Lotus Temple etc.

Once Delhi has 14 gates but now only five are exiting - Ajmeri Gate (facing Ajmer in Rajasthan), Lahori Gate (facing Lahore in Pakistan, Kashmiri Gate (Pointing North to Kashmir), Delhi Gate (Road to earlier cities of Delhi) and Turkman Gate (Named after pious saint Hazrat Shah Turkam).
Barring a few occasions, Delhi has all along enjoyed a pride of place among the major cities. During the medieval period it was a big centre of power and politics. Even under the British, the city enjoyed the same status. The archaeological monuments, buildings, museums and minarets are reflections of its glorious past. The buildings, roads, etc. named after eminent personality’s neonate the importance that the city enjoyed in the past.

People lived in Delhi are generally known as 'Delhi-ites'. Being surrounded with major IT and cyber hub cities like Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida, Delhi is counted as the fifth most populated urban area in the world.

Delhi is one of the most polluted cities of the world. About 41 per cent of its population is living in slums. Not only Delhi’s air, but also its water1 and soil are highly polluted.

Delhi has also seen a lot of changes in past few years with having better roads, flyovers and excellent metro lines making life easier for people to ride smoothly in and around the city. For the shopping and movie freaks, the city has a number of markets, malls and entertainment complexes.
It is red and brown sandstone tomb. Rajghat is a simple square platform of black marble on the bank of the river Yamuan where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. His last word, ‘He Ram’ are inscribed on this platform which is surrounded by a charming garden. Jantar Mantar is an observatory built by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur in South of Connaught Circus. Connaught Place is a shopping complex comprising circles containing shops, hotels and restaurants. An air conditioned underground market Palika Bazar is close to this complex. Purana Qila or Old fort ruins are located on a small hill which once stood on the bank of the river Yamuna. The fort is believed to shows the site of Indraprastha, the grand capital of the Pandavas.

Connaught Place, Lajpat Nagar, South Extension, Sarojani Nagar, Hauz Khas, GK-II and Chandni Chowke are some of the best places for shopping, especially for women. Khari Baoli Market near Chandni Chowke is seen as Asia's largest wholesale spice market.
We have business centres like Chandni Chowk, Sardar Bazaar, Connaught Place and Jamal Khan Market.

Delhi has a mixed culture as people of all communities and religions live here. However, English, Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi are the key languages spoken in the city. Looking at the vast culture, tradition and modern lifestyle, it is rightly said that Delhi is city of 'Dil Walo Ki'.

Delhi’s culture is diverse because of huge influx of migrants from different pars of the country. The amalgamation of various companies, traditions and religion has painted Delhi in colors which are brought all over India. People belonging to various castes and cultures live in Delhi. As a result, all major festivals are celebrated with equal fervor and gaiety.

Quick Facts about Delhi


1483 Sq. Km.


16.3 million

Longitudinal meridian


Average Temperature

45 degree Celsius (Max) - usually in May - Jun, 5 degree Celsius (Min) - usually in Dec - Jan


714 mm


July to mid-September


293 m


Extreme climate with very hot summer and very cold winter


Hindi, English, Urdu and Punjabi


Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam

Best Time to Visit

October to March

STD Code


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Delhi stands in a triangle formed by the Yamuna river in the east and spurs from the Aravalli range in the west and south. It is surrounded by Haryana on all sides except east where it borders with Uttar Pradesh, Delhi has a semi-arid climate with high variation between summer and winter temperature.

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