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Adjective essay example

Definition - Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy) or they may follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns.

They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs.
Before getting into other usage considerations, one general note about the use — or over-use — of adjectives: Adjectives are frail; don't ask them to do more work than they should. Let your broad-shouldered verbs and nouns do the hard work of description. Be particularly cautious in your use of adjectives that don't have much to say in the first place: interesting, beautiful, lovely, exciting. It is your job as a writer to create beauty and excitement and interest, and when you simply insist on its presence without showing it to your reader — well, you're convincing no one.

A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will focus on these.

Examples

He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.

Rule 1

Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an ly added to it, place it there.

Examples

She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.

Describe the sights, sounds and smells alongDescribe the sights, sounds and smells alonga busy streeta busy street! Language123! Language123
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escriptions:1)
T
his woman haslong,straighthair. She is veryactive, but she is notcarefulbecause she·s not wearing a helmet.
2)
T
his person is carrying a lot ofheavythings. He is very nervous because hethinks a young child is going to crash intohim.
3)
T
his thing is long. It has white stripes,and it is very important. People walk onthis thing, so that they can stay safe whenthey cross a busy street.


Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.
When you are writing a story, essay, critical analysis, poem, or any other sort of paper, you might start to look for a list of adjectives to describe tone and feelings and emotions.

Rule 2

A special ly rule applies when four of the senses - taste, smell, look, feel - are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to determine if ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively.

Writing MinilessonTopic: The importance of including adjectives in writing Grade Level: 3 rd or 4 th grade Objective: TSW BAT add adjectives to a sentence to make it more appealing and interesting. MO Standards: Goal 2 #2, Communication Arts #1 Students with Special Needs: To serve students with special needs that may not be able to see or write, you could bring objects in to have them touch and feel to describe their detail. Materials: Black and white picture of a person, colored picture of a person, group activity-worksheet of sentences with words written on index card, another worksheet of sentences Procedure: Introduce the Topic: o I was grading everyone's journals for the week and have been noticing that everyone could use some help or ideas to make their writing a bit more interesting. o One way to add appeal to your story is by adding adjectives. o What is an adjective? o Look at this picture of a person (show black and white picture), is it very interesting? o How could we make this picture more appealing? o Add color to the picture and relate this to how adding adjectives in our writing improves it. Share Examples: o Write sentences on the board, leaving spaces for adjective use in the second sentence:" I ran down the road to the lake."I quickly ran down the bumpy road to the sparkling lake." Provide Information: o Using adjectives helps us add "color" to our writing, just like I showed you with the picture.

If so, use the ly.

Examples

Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We are only describing appearance, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes so the ly is added.

She feels bad/badly about the news.

She is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.

Rule 3

The word good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.

Examples

You did a good job.
Good describes the job.

You did the job well.

Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odour, not how you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective.

He remembered yet the East India Tea House at the Fair, the sandalwood, the turbans, and the robes, the cool interior and the smell of India tea; and he had felt now the nostalgic thrill of dew-wet mornings in Spring, the cherry scent, the cool clarion earth, the wet loaminess of the garden, the pungent breakfast smells and the floating snow of blossoms. He knew the inchoate sharp excitement of hot dandelions in young earth; in July, of watermelons bedded in sweet hay, inside a farmer's covered wagon; of cantaloupe and crated peaches; and the scent of orange rind, bitter-sweet, before a fire of coals. He knew the good male smell of his father's sitting-room; of the smooth worn leather sofa, with the gaping horse-hair rent; of the blistered varnished wood upon the hearth; of the heated calf-skin bindings; of the flat moist plug of apple tobacco, stuck with a red flag; of wood-smoke and burnt leaves in October; of the brown tired autumn earth; of honey-suckle at night; of warm nasturtiums, of a clean ruddy farmer who comes weekly with printed butter, eggs, and milk; of fat limp underdone bacon and of coffee; of a bakery-oven in the wind; of large deep-hued stringbeans smoking-hot and seasoned well with salt and butter; of a room of old pine boards in which books and carpets have been stored, long closed; of Concord grapes in their long white baskets.


You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.

Rule 4

When referring to health, always use well.
Examples I do not feel well.

You do not look well today.

Note:

You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.

Example

I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.

Rule 5

A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For instance, to describe one thing we would say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare two things, we should say poorer, as in, "She is the poorer of the two women." To compare more than two things, we should say poorest, as in, "She is the poorest of them all."

Examples

One

  • Sweet
  • Bad
  • Efficient*

Two

  • Sweeter
  • Worse
  • More efficient*

Three or More

  • Sweetest
  • Worst
  • Most efficient *

*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in front of the words.

If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an Adjective Clause. My sister, who is much older than I am, is an engineer. If an adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes an Adjective Phrase: He is the man who is keeping my family in the poorhouse.

Rule 6

Never drop the ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.

Correct

She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.

Incorrect

She spoke quicker than he did.

Correct

Talk quietly.
Talk more quietly.

Incorrect

Talk quieter.

Rule 7

When this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, they are pronouns.

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Examples

This house is for sale.
This is an adjective here.
This is for sale.
This is a pronoun here.

Rule 8

This and that are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something "over there."

Examples

This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is mine.
That is hers.

Rule 9

These and those are plural, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those points to something "over there."

Examples

These babies have been smiling for a long time.
These are mine.
Those babies have been crying for hours.
Those are yours.

Rule 10

Use than to show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.

Examples

I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing

Other Grammar Pages:

  • Subjects and Verbs
  • Subject and Verb Agreement
  • Pronouns
  • Who and Whom
  • Whoever and Whomever
  • Who v Which v That
  • Prepositions
  • Confusing Words and Homonyms
  • Fragments
  • Capital Letters

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Be careful not to form comparatives or superlatives of adjectives which already express an extreme of comparison — unique, for instance — although it probably is possible to form comparative forms of most adjectives: something can be more perfect, and someone can have a fuller figure. People who argue that one woman cannot be more pregnant than another have never been nine-months pregnant with twins.

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