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Asa format

Asa format example

Asa format sample

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Asa essay format example

      • When you write an ASA paper, you have to follow a certain bibliographical format. The essay must include a title page, an abstract, in-text citations and a reference page.

        General Format

        General format consists of the following rules:

        • Clear font.
        Recommended: Times New Roman 12pt font double spaced
      • 1 1/4” margins
      • Insert a page number on the right
      • You need to include a title page
      • ASA format papers include subheadings.
        In general, the format for citing articles is "Author. Year. "Title" Publication Volume (issue):pages". Use the same rules about multiple or missing authors as noted above.

      Title Page

      The title page of your essay should have the full title, the author’s name(s) and institution(s).

      You should also include a word count of your document (including footnotes and references).
      In-text citations are a little more complicated. For in-text citations, you should present a citation whenever the idea you are discussing was drawn wholy or in part from a text or group of texts. Remember that you can always present more than one citation in the same portion of text. In addition, whenever you paraphrase an idea or comment,you must use an in-text citation. I encourage you to not try too hard to paraphrase, since all ideas need attribution and citations anyway. If paraphrasing comes easily, do it and provide a citation. If it does not, do it and provide a quotation. Quotations require quotation marks or block quotes, in-text citations, and page numbers.


      The abstract is not mandatory, but if it is required, it should be on a separate page following the title page. It should be a paragraph of 150-200 words in length. The abstract summarizes your research.

      On the same page as the abstract, include a list of three to five words that help to identify main themes in the manuscript.

      On the same page as the abstract, include 3-5 keywords.

      ASA Format In-Text Citations

      • If the author's name is already mentioned previously in the text, then you should use a reference for just the year of publication within parentheses.
        • Example: Geary states that Mastery Learning discourages students from completing satisfactory work (2003).
    • You should include the author's name in the parentheses if the text does not mention it prior.
      All text within the document should be in a 12-point font and double spaced (including footnotes), or as specified by journal or course instructor.

      • Example: There is a belief that Mastery Learning hinders children’s ability to complete satisfactory work (Geary 2003).
    • Page numbers should be in the parentheses after the year of publication. A colon separates the year and the page number with no spaces in between.
      If you are using a direct quote, use a colon (:) followed by the page number. For quotes that travel across multiple pages, be sure to indicate the starting and ending papges. The citation follows the close-quote mark.

      • Example: It is because of the constricted grade boundaries. (Geary 2003:13).
    • If a source has multiple authors, you should cite them with an ‘and’ between their last names.
      • Example: The issue is in the fact that students can get away with the least amount of effort, disregard deadlines, and disrespect the curriculum’s positive attributes. (Geary and Feekins 2003:13)
    • If multiple sources cite the same quotation or statement, the author and publication year should be separated by a semicolon.
      • Example: Mastery Learning is the holy grail for procrastinators, slackers, and underachievers and is the primal curse for students who value education. (Geary 2003; Grist 2016)

    Reference Page

    The ASA style citation looks much like the APA style with a few deviations. Here is how to cite the most common types of references:

    • How to Cite Books: Author [Last, First]. Year of Publication. Title. Country of Publisher: Publisher.
      If you are using a chapter from a book, you should site it using a special format: "Article Author. Date. "Chapter/Section Title." From Book Author. Book Title. Place Published: Publisher. Pages.

      • Example: James, Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Barns & Noble Books.
    • How to Cite E-Books: Author [Last, First]. Year of Publication. Title. Country of Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {link}.
      Example: Bianciardi, Roberto. 1999. "Do Immigrants' Children Still Speak Italian?" Language Studies Monthly. 4(2).

      • Example: James, Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Penguin Books Kindle Version. Retrieved January 18, 2017. {link}
    • How to Cite a Journal Article: Author [Last, First]. Year of Publication. "Title." Journal Name issue #: inclusive page numbers.
      • Example: Feekins, Bo. 2008. “Chasing Tree Frogs”. National Geographic #182. 6-10
    • How to Cite a Magazine Article: Author Last, First. Year of Pub. "Title." Magazine Name, Month Year, pp. Inclusive page numbers.
      • Example: Geary, Rachel. 2012. “The Issue with Mastery Learning”. New York Times, April 2002. pp. 15-23.
    • How to Cite a Web Page ASA Style: Author [Last, First.
      If there are two or three authors, present all author's last names. If there are more than three authors, use the first author's last name and then et al.

      ] Date of Publishing. Title. Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {link}.
      • Example: Lee, Bruce. 03.09.2004. Birth of a Nation. Retrieved 18.01.2017. {link}

    Reference Page Format

    Your reference page should begin with a header titled “References” without quotation marks, italics, or a bold face. All references should be:

    • Double spaced
    • Have a hanging indent
    • All titles should be capitalized (except for prepositions, articles, and conjunctions)
    • Listed in alphabetical order by author’s last name
    • Include first names of all authors (in full)
    • List ALL authors who contributed to the work (et al not acceptable)


    When writing an ASA style paper, you should use subheadings to organize the body of your paper. There are three different kinds of headings:

    • The First Level Heading
      • Usually written in all-caps
      • On the left of the paper
      • No bold font, italics, or underline
    • The Second Level Heading
      • Italicize
      • Capitalize every word of the heading
      • No bold font, caps, or underline
    • The third level head
      • Italicize
      • Only capitalize the first word of the heading
      • No bold, caps, or underline


    Footnotes are useful for expanding upon certain tangents or adding extra information to an image or a table. In the ASA writing style, footnotes should be listed in a consecutive order throughout the essay with numbers as a subscript.

    In the text, footnotes or endnotes, whichever are used, should be numbered consecutively throughout the essay with superscript Arabic numerals.

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