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Study objectives csf

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  • Critical success factors in project management tend to vary from industry to industry and also tend to vary between countries.

    Opposed to previous practices of adopting the Iron Triangle of cost, quality, and time, critical success factors have increased to include aspects such as leadership, teamwork, setting realistic targets, and sustainability. While the increase in critical success factors for a project means additional costs, many firms which are involved in environmentally hazardous practices may not pursue such critical success factors.
    Despite Brazil’s solar energy potential, we still rely on hydropower to generate 80% of our electricity. Home solar energy converters are not very popular yet, mostly because of the big amount of money people need to invest in order to own one. The main reasons for the high prices are taxes and fabrication costs. While the first variable is up for government to fix, we may solve the second through researches that seek less expensive and more efficient solar cells.

    Thus, this study seeks to explore the critical success factors implemented in Nigeria LNG Limited and seeks to compare and contrast these success factors with international standards in developed countries.

    This study may provide valuable insight into best practices and may also provide project managers in Nigeria or elsewhere with information regarding better project optimization and success techniques amongst other benefits.
    When I was a child, I used to disassemble many of my toys to see how they worked from the inside, I believe this was one of the signs I would be interested in engineering later in my life. After all, I believe an engineer must be able to understand how simple things work in conjunction with each other in order to accomplish complex results.


    Project management is a highly dynamic and complex discipline which requires extensive planning, coordination, and the appropriate management of critical success factors (Pinto & Slevin, 1987).

    I do not intend to take the same courses I am supposed to take on my regular grade in Brazil for two reasons. First, I want to build a richer academic curriculum, absorbing the most knowledge possible during my time as an undergraduate student. Second, I intend to fill the existing gaps in the traditional electric engineering approach of most Brazilian universities, which is the lack of alternative/renewable energy resources and software security teaching. I believe those fields are very important for an up-to-date electrical engineer.

    While the project manager has immense responsibility in implementing appropriate strategies to ensure project success, this is often a highly difficult task as approximately 42-47% of projects are successful while others fail (Siguroarson, 2009).
    Due to its location and territorial size, Brazil annually receives 1013 MWh in solar energy, which corresponds to about 50 thousand times its annual consumption. Therefore, I am most eager to study photovoltaic cells, since it has such enormous potential to provide us a lot of clean energy.

    However, figures may vary from industry to industry.

    Accordingly, critical success factors also vary from project to project. However, project management is often governed by what is termed as the Iron triangle of cost, time, and quality (Pinto & Prescott, 1988).

    I am currently in the 3rd year of my electrical engineering undergraduation at Mogi das Cruzes University. So far, the time I spent there provided me with solid knowledge on my study field. However, I believe that studying in an American university will be an excellent opportunity expand my learning.

    Over the years and with the evolution of project management concepts, project management has become a multidimensional framework which includes other critical success factors such as teamwork, leadership, communication, and ethics, including sustainability (Atkinson, 1999).
    Concerning alternative and renewable energy resources, I believe it is a research field the world need to concentrate mass effort. For if the non-renewable resources of the world ends and we are not prepared for it, our society will certainly face a huge collapse, since energy is something the human race will always need in order to live and to progress.

    However, increasing critical success factors can add to the cost of the project and while it is often considered necessary for companies such as liquid and gas companies to implement ethical standards, this is often not practiced in developing countries (Jha & Iyer, 2007).
    Finally, I understand that besides researchers, entrepreneurs also have a crucial part in the development of technology and society in general, for they bring innovational ideas to this world. Therefore, I want to seize this occasion to develop an entrepreneur mind, by taking a course that shows how to apply my creativity into the business world.

    As the critical success factors of each project vary, the motivation and rationale for this study lies in examining the difference between critical success factors in project management in a developing country such as Nigeria against traditional international standards.

    But I really don´t know if the CsF (SWF) examiners let this pass or not. So, I left that bit untouched. It´s not a competition between about institutions, but a student´s writing skills test.

    Projects carried out in the liquid and gas industry may have severe environmental implications for the area, but project management may not be carried out in an ideal manner with little emphasis upon ethical standards or other key areas which may optimize the project outcome (Kerzner, 2013).
    Software security is a big world concern as well, not only in industry but also in regular citizen’s homes. Unfortunately, my academic program only covers the basics of it. As I believe the United States is one-step ahead of most countries regarding this area, I am hoping to take courses that involve network security and cryptography.

    Hence, this study will provide particular insight into the critical success factors considered in LNG Limited in a developing country such as Nigeria and may provide professional knowledge regarding better ways of project optimization and project success if it is found that projects are not properly implemented.

    So far, the time I spent there provided me with solid knowledge on my [9] field of study. However, I believe that studying in an American university will be an excellent opportunity to expand my learning.

    Moreover, it will provide insight into the various practices of project management in a country such as Nigeria, as there is not an extant of literature available paying particular attention to this country. This study may provide professional knowledge and best practice for project managers in LNG Limited in Nigeria, project managers who wish to conduct projects in Nigeria, or project managers in other countries.
    When it comes to writing, it´s good to know other ways to say the same thing. It´s a good exercise to build English vocabulary.

    1.1 Research Objectives:

    • To understand the specific project factors that determine project success in different project phases in Nigeria LNG Limited
    • To analyze the environmental factors that determine success in Nigeria LNG Limited
    • To understand the similarities and differences in critical project success factors between Nigeria and traditional international practices (developed countries)
    • To determine best practice and suggest better strategies for project optimization and success

    1.2 Research Questions:

    Main Research Question: Which specific project factors determine project success in different project phases in Nigeria LNG Limited?

    Subsidiary Questions:

    • Which environmental factors determine success in Nigeria LNG Limited
    • What are the similarities and differences in critical success factors for project management in Nigeria and international standards (developed countries)?
    • What are the best practices of project management in Nigeria and how can project optimization be improved?

    2. Conceptual Framework:

    There is an extant of literature available upon the topic of project management and various researchers have devised their own framework of critical success factors.

    You had to specify it more, elaborate more. With “how/why/where/who”, giving examples or illustrating it, making the imagery more vivid. The reader has to know what you are talking about, your sense of purpose, your directness. He/she have to convinced, to know that you know your stuff, that you made your homework, read about it, researched, interviewed, you whatever it took, then you wrote about it. You have to be convincing/persuasive.

    Siguroarson (2009) mentions that most of the research conducted upon project success is based upon the project management theory and the concept of the Iron Triangle of cost, time, and quality. However, over the decades concepts have evolved and included many other factors which include leadership, communication, setting realistic targets, and many others (Pattanayak, Wunder, & Ferraro, 2010). Moreover, with the growing concern for the environment, concepts of corporate social responsibility and the implementation of sustainability principles have emerged which are often considered critical success factors for businesses which have severe implications for the environment such as the liquid and gas industry (Naude, 2010).

    However, it is often found that corporations who can avoid the implementation of the theory of sustainability may focus upon other factors in project management, and this may exceptionally be prevalent in developing countries such as Nigeria.

    You are being categorical (even though you are a layman) and positive, you have a decisive diagnosis, in essays we avoid ''I know it wall/it cover all'' approaches. There are shades of grey in-between.

    Moreover, the determination of critical success factors depends upon the project manager’s skills, education, experience, tradition, and many other factors (Ahsan & Gunawan, 2010).

    Based upon previous research, this study will develop in the light of concepts such as the project management theory, Iron Triangle, theory of corporate social responsibility, sustainability principles, and other relevant theories in order to properly explore the topic.

    3. Research Methodology:

    As there is not an extant of literature available upon Nigeria LNG Limited, the study is designed to be exploratory in nature. Accordingly, the study will adopt a qualitative data collection method and will focus upon primary research. The study will use an open-ended questionnaire regarding the critical success factors used in LNG Limited as the data collection tool and will direct them at a sample which will later be chosen according to appropriateness. The conduction of primary research is essential because of the specific nature of the study and because no previous literature is available in the context of Nigeria LNG Limited. Moreover, using an open-ended questionnaire will allow the gathering of maximum information while reducing elements of interviewer bias or excessive chances of misinterpretation which may occur in a verbal/telephonic interview.

    While government can reduce taxes on this kind of product, the latter can solved with making of less expensive panels and more efficient solar cells.

    Moreover, using a questionnaire will also increase feasibility and convenience for the researcher and the respondents as the questionnaire can be dispersed through email or through online survey tools.

    Data will be analyzed or measured using content analysis and based upon the researcher’s understanding of the information presented by respondents and information he/she gathered through literature. This research design best fits the purpose of the study and allows the gathering of in-depth information (Saunders et al, 2011). However, it has the limitations of including possible elements of researcher bias and respondent bias which may exist within the gathering of qualitative data.

    4. Study Implications:

    As the list of potential critical success factors is increasing over the years, this study may provide valuable insight into new critical success factors or new implementation strategies adopted in developing countries or Nigeria specifically. Thus, it may provide project managers all over the world or in Nigeria in particular with information regarding best practices, improvements in project optimization, and the implementation of better sustainability principles, amongst other things. Thus, it can result in the development and implementation of better project management strategies and derision of appropriate critical success factors. Accordingly, this study can provide valuable information for project managers regarding project management and may also increase the scope for Nigeria as a potential project conduction site. Moreover, the study will also be beneficial for academics and will be a valuable addition to the existing literature upon project management.

    1. Feasibility:

    The researcher has ample access to potential respondents from the study and the time period allocated is sufficient for the compilation and analysis of data.

    6. Timescale:

    Reading and Evaluating Relevant Literature August 2013- October 2013
    Developing First Draft of Literature Review October 2013-November 2013
    Drafting Questionnaire and Selecting/Contacting Sample November 2013-February 2014
    Conducting Primary Research and Gathering Results March 2014-April 2014
    Analyzing Data and Writing First Draft of Findings April 2014-June 2014
    Completing and Finalizing Previous Portions of Thesis Based on Supervisor Feedback June 2014-July 2014
    Proofreading July 2014-August 2014


    1. Ahsan, K., & Gunawan, I. (2010). “Analysis of cost and schedule performance of international development projects.”International Journal of Project Management. Vol. 28(1) pp. 68-78.
    2. Atkinson, R. (1999) “Project management: cost, time and quality, two best guesses and a phenomenon, its time to accept other success criteria” .International Journal of Project Management.
    3. Vol.17(6) pp.337-342.
    4. Jha, K. N., & Iyer, K. C. (2007) “Commitment, coordination, competence and the iron triangle.”International Journal of Project Management. Vol.25(5) pp.527-540
    5. Kerzner, H. R. (2013).Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling.
      My revised dradt will need some proofread/editing as well. It was just another point of view, done by a human, and as such it may have some mistakes as well.

    6. Naudé, W. (2010). “Entrepreneurship, developing countries, and development economics: new approaches and insights.”Small Business Economics. Vol. 34(1) pp. 1-12.
    7. Pattanayak, S. K., Wunder, S., & Ferraro, P. J. (2010). “Show me the money: Do payments supply environmental services in developing countries?.”Review of Environmental Economics and Policy. Vol.4 (2) pp.254-274.
    8. Pinto, J. K., & Prescott, J. E. (1988) “Variations in critical success factors over the stages in the project life cycle.”Journal of management. Vol.14 (1) pp.5-18.
    9. Pinto, J. K., & Slevin, D. P. (1987) “Critical factors in successful project implementation.”Engineering Management, IEEE Transactions. Vol. 1 pp. 22-27.
    10. Saunders, M. N., Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2011).Research Methods For Business Students, 5/e. Pearson Education India.
    11. Siguroarson, S. (2009) “Critical Success Factors in Project Management” University of Iceland. Masters Thesis.
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