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Dalai lama

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Dalai Lama Biography - life, family, children, parents, name, history, young, old, information, born, house

The Dalai Lama is the fourteenth leader in a line of Buddhist spiritual and political leaders of Tibet. Buddhists are followers of Gautama Buddha (c 563-c. 483 B.C.E. ), who believed the troubles of this life can be overcome through moral and mental discipline.

The Dalai Lama fled his country and took safety in India in 1959 during the revolt against Chinese control of Tibet.
The Dalai Lama was born in 1935 to a family of poor farmers in Taktser, a small village in the Amdo province (From Birth to Exile, n.d.) of what was then known as Tibet. These humble beginnings contrasted starkly with the new life into which he was thrust into when he was declared to be the “new incarnation of the Dalai Lama” when he was not quite three years old (From Birth to Exile, n.d.). In 1959, he had to flee to India because of the Tibetan uprising; there he denounced the People’s Republic of China and established a Tibetan government while in exile. Since that time, he has traveled around the world propagating the ideals of peace and equality, advocating the welfare of Tibetans, and propagating the ideals of Tibetan Buddhism. Many people around the world know the Dalai Lama primarily as an influential political leader and the Nobel Peace Prize winner.

Since that time, while still in exile (a forced or a voluntary absence from one's country), he has promoted Tibetan religious and cultural traditions.

Early family life

The name given the Dalai Lama when he was born on July 6, 1935, was Lhamo Thondup.

He came from a very small village in northeast Tibet called Taktser.
The current Dalai Lama, called Tenzin Gyatso, was born on 6 July 1935, in the Takster Village of eastern Tibet to a poor farming family. He was educated as a Buddhist Monk from the age of 6, gained a Ph.D. in Buddhist philosophy and scored high marks at three different universities - Drepung, Sera and Ganden.

At that time there were only twenty families living in all of Taktser. "Dalai Lama" is a name of honor and respect that was given to him by the Buddhist monks of Tibet. "Lama" means "teacher" or "wise person." "Dalai" means "ocean." When put together Dalai Lama is translated as "Ocean of Wisdom."

The young Dalai Lama's parents were farmers who raised sheep and grew barley, buckwheat, and potatoes.

In addition to Lhamo there were six other children in the family, four boys and two girls.
Dalai Lamas are the manifestations of compassion, the Bodhisattva Chenrezig. They are enlightened beings who choose to take rebirth rather than pass into Nirvana, in order to help all sentiment beings and to serve humanity. They serve as spiritual and religious leaders to the people of Tibet who have practiced non-violence for over 1000 years. His Holiness describes himself as "A simple Buddhist monk, no more, no less." People are touched by his simplicity and warmth. His constant message is the importance of love, compassion, and forgiveness. He held teachings and spoke of spiritual enlightenment, the purpose of life, Happiness and peace. No one has ever attended one of his teachings with out feeling changed by the experience. He speaks with confidence and preaches with compassion. He believes that qualities such as love, kindness, compassion and a sense of universal responsibility can be developed by everyone with or without religion. Despite the fact that His Holiness is worshiped by many as the reincarnation of a Buddha he holds a modest and humble attitude. "I myself am just a human being, and incidentally a Tibetan, who chooses to be a Buddhist monk" To the Dalai Lama he is here for a purpose and he has found that purpose- to serve his people and humanity.

The Dalai Lama

The current Dalai Lama is the fourteenth person to hold that title in straight succession. This means the role is passed from one person to another with no break in order. The people of Tibet believe that when one Dalai Lama dies he is reincarnated (reborn) in a young child.

The Dalai Lama is the leader of the religion Tibetan Buddhism. He is believed to be the God of Compassion, who helps people on earth.

In other words, they believe that the soul of the current Dalai Lama is the same soul that was in the first Dalai Lama.

The Dalai Lamas have been the head of the order of Gelugpa Buddhism, which means "Yellow Hat," since the fourteenth century. The Dalai Lama took on the additional role of political leader in the seventeenth century.

Among world leaders, there is no one like His Holiness the Dalai Lama, religious and political leader of Tibet and winner of the 1989 Nobel Peace Prize. Brought up from an unusual childhood, he became head of the state of Tibet at age 16, and was later forced into exile by the Chinese government. Despite all the hardship he had to endure he does not give up his fight for freedom and treats all sentiment beings with love and compassion. Through his fight for freedom, he has proven himself to be the spiritual and political leader whom the people of Tibet love.

All Dalai Lamas since that time have had that dual responsibility.

How he was discovered

The thirteenth Dalai Lama died in December of 1933. When he died, the Buddhist monks prayed for guidance to find the new Dalai Lama.

Because of the Chinese communist invasion, he was forced to become Dalai Lama only ten years later. After the death of a Dalai lama, search parties are sent around the world, following signs and visions, to find the next leader, who is thought to be a reincarnation. Gyatso was discovered at age 6.

They felt signs and oracles (divine answers or prophecies) would lead them to him. They finally received a vision that the new Dalai Lama would be found in the northeast part of Tibet. He would be living in a house that had strange gutters and that was near a monastery (a place where monks live and pray).
There are two words that perfectly describe Dalai Lama: wisdom and compassion. Being a true leader of Tibet, the Dalai Lama is living his life in cruel exile. The issues that the Dalai Lama discusses with public through his ongoing work, public meetings and book writing are exceptional. It may seem very hard to write a basic essay about Dalai Lama, the one of the greatest people living in this century. Nevertheless, it is more important to review personality of the Dalai Lama as he sets example to each and every one of us.

Many monks went out on the journey. After much searching, a group of them came to the village of Taktser, which has a monastery nearby. There they found Lhamo at his house, which had strangely shaped gutters.

In these stores of natural treasure, our doctors found many of the precious herbs and plants from which they compounded their medicines, while nomads found rich pasture for their animals, so crucial to the Tibetan economy. But of even wider-ranging impact, the Land of Snow's mountains arc; the source of many of Asia's great rivers. The recent massive floods on the Indian sub-continent and in China can be attributed, in part, to the massive deforestation and environmental destruction that has followed China's violent occupation of Tibet.

They spoke to him and to his parents and performed a test. The monks had brought several items with them from their home monastery. Some of the items had belonged to the thirteenth Dalai Lama and others were imitations or just common objects.
It was with the fifth incarnation of the Dalai Lama in 1642 that he was given the responsibilities of primary spiritual and political leader of the Tibetan people. The present Dalai Lama is the fourteenth incarnation of the Tibetan Bodhisattva. He was born in Amdo, Tibet on July 6, 1935 to a farming family. (106) As a two year-old he was asked to choose from objects that were personal effects of the former Dalai Lama mixed with other similar objects. After the young boy chose all of the correct items he was identified as the Dalai Lama. From that point on he underwent a rigorous training in ways of the Tibetan Buddhist. With a strict and disciplined approach to the education both spiritually and intellectually, the Dalai Lama has maintained a high standard of excellence as ruler. It is interesting that in the Dalai Lama system all but one of the incarnations has come from modest means and have ascended to greatness. (106)

Lhamo correctly identified the objects that had belonged to the thirteenth Dalai Lama. The monks knew they had found the reincarnation of their leader. Lhamo was two years old at the time.

His education

The monks took Lhamo to a monastery in Kumbum, Tibet.

Tibetan Buddhism combines magic and spirit worship. They study ancient texts called Tantras, and have many rituals such as meditation and chanting. Many Buddhist monks study at the Gelukpa school.

For two years he was given the basic education he would need to lead his country both spiritually and politically. After this he was brought to the Potala palace in Lhasa, the capital of the country. The Potala palace is a structure of over one thousand rooms built into a mountain.
Studying at college or university means doing various writing assignments. Writing assignments may include different types of paper writing such essay, research paper, term paper, coursework, etc. When writing basic essay about the Dalai Lama besides presenting the most coherent information to the topic, the paper must be perfectly structured and proofread. Initially, it is unimaginably hard to describe such a diverse and talented personality of this person. That is why it is crucial to concentrate on presenting a specific view of a real story of the Dalai Lama the essay basics. Maybe, it is worthwhile, to present the types of hardships he has been through and how he continues to struggle in his nonviolent ways to free his motherland Tibet from China.

There he took his place on the Lion Throne, a richly carved, wooden throne covered with jewels. He was only four years old on February 22, 1940, when the monks declared that he was the new Dalai Lama. He took the name Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso
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Dalai Lama.
Reproduced by permission of
AP/Wide World Photos
in honor of lamas who had served before him. Since then, however, he has only used a shortened version of that name for himself—Tenzin Gyasto.
Only hermits, wild animals, and, in the summer, nomads and their herds actually live high amongst them, but in the simplicity and quiet of our mountains, there is more peace of mind than in most cities of the world. Since the practice of Buddhism involves seeing phenomena as empty of inherent existence, it is helpful for a mediator to be able to look into the vast, empty space seen from a mountain - top.

The monks at the Potala palace gave the Dalai Lama private instruction. His only classmate was one of his brothers. According to a long-standing tradition, when the young Dalai Lama misbehaved in class, it was his brother who was punished.

Dalai Lama’s spirituality and wisdom is the subject of admiration among his followers. According to the Dalai Lama’s webpage, “he frequently states that his life is guided by three major commitments: the promotion of basic human values or secular ethics in the interest of human happiness, the fostering of inter-religious harmony and the welfare of the Tibetan people, focusing on the survival of their identity, culture and religion” (, n.d.). In his book, The Art of Happiness, the Dalai Lama lays out his blueprint for achieving happiness through training the mind. He often emphasizes how important compassion is as a source of a happy life for every human being. The Dalai Lama has always been the incarnation and conductor of his ideas into the world and many people have changed their lives with the help of his teachings.

Over the years the Dalai Lama learned penmanship, history, religion, philosophy, Tibetan medicine, art, music, and literature, among many other subjects. Throughout all of his study he attended meetings of the government.
Since then he has travelled the world, spreading his belief in kindness and compassion. The Dalai Lama believes that showing kindness and respect is even more important in the world today because of violence around us. He also hopes to teach children through these values.

The Dalai Lama loved working with mechanical things. He spent a great deal of time with his telescope. He enjoyed taking watches and small machines apart and putting them back together. There were only four cars in all of Tibet at that time and three belonged to the thirteenth Dalai Lama.

The history of Tibet has been intertwined with China since the seventh century through a series of marriages, treaties, and wars. (1) It was not until the thirteenth Dalai Lama decl...

Tenzin Gyatso loved working with the engines and trying to drive the cars.

The Dalai Lama took over the political leadership of Tibet in November 1950, not long after the Chinese Communist army invaded the country.

The words and wisdom of His Holiness the Dalai Lama should be seriously considered. Whether or not he is the reincarnation of Buddha, he has proven himself to be a great leader to the Tibetan people, risking his own life for the sake of his people and their liberation. He deserve the recognition he got because he was an incredible leader both politically and spiritually during one of the hardest times in Tibetan history.

(Communism is a political system based on the belief that property should not be owned by any individual but should belong to everyone in common Communists also believe that all business should be under the control of the government.) The Dalai Lama was fifteen years old and leading a country on the brink of crisis.

His exile

Mainland China had become a communist nation in 1949 after World War II (1939-45; a war in which the Allies, including France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States, defeated the Axis forces of Germany, Italy, and Japan).

From Birth to Exile (n.d.). His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. Retrieved from

Mao Zedong (1893-1976) led communist China. Eighty thousand members of the Chinese army invaded Tibet in early 1950. The Chinese said the people of Tibet invited the army to save them from the rule of a cruel government.
In Tibet, mountains are often considered the adobes of deities. For example, Amnye Machen, a mountain in northeastern Tibet, is regarded as the home of Machen Pomra, one of the most important deities of Amdo, my home province. Because all the people of Amdo consider Machen Pomra their special friend, many of team go round the foot of the mountain on pilgrimage.

The Chinese also claimed that Tibet was originally a part of China.

Neither of these statements were true. The Dalai Lama visited with the Chinese to ask them to leave Tibet. They would not. He visited neighboring countries to try to get help to push the invaders out.

For over 1,000 years we Tibetans have adhered to spiritual and environmental values in order to maintain the delicate balance of life across the high plateau on which we live. Inspired by the Buddha's message of non-violence and compassion and protected by our mountains, we have sought to respect every form of life, while our neighbors lived undisturbed.

The other countries, however, were afraid of what might happen to them if they opposed a nation as powerful as China, and they offered little support. After years of trying to negotiate with the Chinese and seeing his people suffer under Chinese rule, the Dalai Lama finally fled to India in April 1959.
The 14th Dalai Lama is perhaps one of the most interesting and significant public figures of the modern era. His struggle to maintain the culture, identity, and religion of the Tibetan people are renowned. The Dalai Lama’s peaceful manner and joyful approach to life is inspiring, despite the fact that he has lived most of his adult life as “a stateless refugee in India” (Beyond Religion, 2011). The Dalai Lama’s life path is endlessly uplifting as a humanitarian example and his role in modern history is difficult to overestimate.

He has been away from his native Tibet since then.

His life after exile

The Dalai Lama learned Buddhist thought and practice as part of his monastic (done by monks or nuns) training. The people of Tibet still consider him to be their spiritual and political leader.

The Dalai Lama was found to become a true leader of Tibet at the age of 4. Ruthlessly, he was sent away from his Motherland and all his life he has dedicated to presenting the living society of Tibet as one of the kind. All his life, the Dalai Lama continues to set example for us, being a truly Wise man that is full of compassion to every living being.

Since his exile he has worked tirelessly to help Tibetans who have managed to flee their country. He has worked with many Westerners for the cause of returning Tibet to its own people.

The Dalai Lama's contact with Westerners has broadened his interest beyond Buddhism.

The Dalai Lama is a complex person who has lived a fascinating life. His whole existence has been marked with his recognition of himself as the reincarnated leader of Tibetan Buddhism. Though he is seen as a political figure, he is also renowned for dedicating his life to advocating the rights and the well-being of Tibetan people and to propagating the ideals of peace and tolerance. The 14th Dalai Lama possesses a strong and charismatic personality; he is a living embodiment of his own teaching about the importance of love and compassion. While many of his ideas have their roots in ancient Buddhism, the Dalai Lama has made them easier to understand for many of his followers all over the world.

He has given many speeches and written several books. In them he discusses how religions are similar in their development of love and compassion and in their pursuit of goodness and happiness for all beings.
These days when we talk about preservation of the environment, whether we mean the wildlife, forests, oceans, rivers or mountains, ultimately the decision to act must come from our hearts. So, the key point, I think, is for all of us to develop a genuine sense of universal responsibility, not only toward s this beautiful blue planet that is our home, but also towards the innumerable sentient beings with' whom we share it.

He is greatly admired, not just by Buddhists, but by people everywhere. He speaks not only of spiritual matters, but also of global peace and environmental concerns. His thoughts are received as popular and universal messages.

In 1987 the Dalai Lama was the recipient of the Albert Schweitzer Humanitarian Award, named after the famous Dr. Schweitzer (1875-1965), who worked in Africa. In 1989 the Dalai Lama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

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The Dalai Lama remains an active and revered humanitarian (someone who believes in human welfare and social reform) throughout the world, even though an intestinal illness he suffered in January 2002 caused him to cut back on his schedule.

Dalai Lama & Cutler, H.C., M.D. (2009). The Art of Happiness. New York, NY: Riverhead Books.

He has spent much of his time traveling, speaking against communism, and working for peace. He has a devoted following that includes individuals from all over the world and from all walks of life. His struggles for peace and freedom have made him one of the most recognized and well-regarded political and spiritual leaders in the world.

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