However, this distinction has gradually disappeared.
The Universities have traditionally been regarded as centres of academic learning, in contrast topolytechnics, which have focused onvocational (work-related)education.
Making a right choice for the future education is very important. However, what makes it even harder is deciding whether to attend a community college or a university. Although they both have their advantages and disadvantages
, but they both offer the same varieties of knowledge. To consider the best opportunity, we should look at the budget, how much time we want to spend, what level of education we want to obtain. Also, remembering that an education is important
, and a college sometimes is a deciding factor for an employer when they are looking to hire someone in. On the other hand, some counselors will guide
us the path, so that we can save money in the long run.
You can also study at colleges of higher education. These institutions are generally smaller than universities, and tend to concentrate on more specialized fieldsof study. such as education, art and design, music and drama.
There are about one hundred universities in Britain. The oldest and best-known universities are located in Oxford, Cambridge, London, Manchester, Liverpool.
Deciding on whether to attend a community college or a university can be a very tough decision. Often times we hear negative opinions and comments about attending a community college instead of a university. Community colleges are
much more affordable. They have smaller classes, and they are much more convenient than universities. Through some people experiences and research
, there are many benefits to attending a community college before university. There are many differences between going to a university right after finishing high school and going to a community college for the first two years. Such differences can be seen in terms of finances, degree and environment
. One of the most important benefits to attending a community college is
the financial savings. The average tuition at community college is $42 per credit hour, and the average for universities can vary between $1500 and $4000 depending on whether the university is public or private. This is a huge difference in price per semester hour. Furthermore, at community college the books are less expensive. You can chose to buy a new book or a used book, and you still have the option to rent the books.
The most common requirements for admission to establishments of highereducation are General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) and good A-level results. Universities choose their students after interviews.
Universities, however, only offer four years programs or bachelors degrees. They do not offer courses in vocational education, so they are best for students who plan on going into business or education. The environment between a community college and
a four year university differs greatly. For example
, community college tends to have fewer students per class, which mean students can have more opportunity to interact with their teacher and vice verse. Teachers with smaller classes are able to spend more time making sure that all
the students get a quality education in their classroom. Likewise, if students have questions they may feel more comfortable asking them in a smaller and more intimate setting. On the other hand, a university lecture hall can hold hundreds of students
, all participating in a single class. The professors are always
busy doing research and keeping
up with their professor status, which means no time to interact with their students.
English universities differ from each other in date of foundation, size, history, general organization, methods of instruction, way of student life.
The academic year in Britain’s universities, polytechnics, colleges of education is divided into three terms, which usually run from the beginning of October to the middle of December, from the middle of January to the end of March, and from the middle of April to the end of June or the beginning of July.
After 3 years of study a university graduate will leave with the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc. Later he may continue to take a Master’s Degree and then a Doctor’s Degree.
Secondly, a degree is depends on how long will we spend on community college or university. A college is a post-secondary school, an institution that focuses on undergraduate education. In order to get Associate degree, we just only spend two-years on studying and then we can transfer our credits to university. Two years is not too long for those who want to get out of...
Research is an important feature of university work.
Answer the questions on the text:
1) What used to be the difference between universities and polytechnics?
2) What are the differences between universities and colleges of higher education?
3) What are the admission requirements?
4) How many terms does the academic year consist of?
5) When does the first term begin?
6) What degrees are awarded in British universities?
Compress the text to 5-6 sentences including the following points :
the types of academic learning;
fields of study;
the academic year; I Pre-reading
Answer the following questions:
1) Where can one get higher education in Great Britain?
2) Would you like to study at any college? Why?
3) What are the most prestigious universities in Russia? IiReading Oxbridge
Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest and most prestigious universities in Great Britain.
“Oxbridge” is the term which is used to refer to them collectively.
Nowadays they continue to attract many of the best brains.
Both universities grew gradually, as federations of independent colleges most of which were founded in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
The University choice today is generally looked at as the better choice for college but many students may choose Community College as the alternative due to lack of being prepared. As a result of lack of high school achievements
, "Students may not feel that they have a firm enough grasp of high school material or possibly the grades to allow them to gain admission to a University program and doing well in it. For students such as these, a community college may
offer a way to continue their education and
strengthen their educational foundations"9. This is a great compromise between high school and a four year
university allowing students to catch up and feel more confident in themselves. It can push students so far that they, "Are many times half way to their Bachelor's degree, already having many of their general education requirements behind
them"10. This puts students in a position
so that they are confident and prepared for the real world more so than they would be if they had to transition straight to a four year University.
In both universities new colleges have been established, for example, Green College, Oxford (1979) and Robinson College, Cambridge (1977).
The colleges of Oxford and Cambridge are essentially residential institutions and they mainly use a tutorial method.
First of all, comparing the rate of local community college and university, we can find the big differences in prices. Community colleges are definitely cheaper, and can transfer into a 4 year school, bringing down the overall cost of college. In some states, there are financial aid programs specifically
for community college. On the other hand, university tuition costs are depending on whether they are public or private. Of course, they are more expensive than community colleges. Because of that, for those who need a university education to meet
their career goals, but they do not have enough money. They can attend a community college part time, spending time to work and save up money; then, transfer to a four- year university for the rest two -years. In addition, community college
offers a fairly quality education with a good
price, but still meets the core curriculum requirements for a
4 year institution.
The students work under direction of a tutor who directs a group of 10-15 students. Each student isto write essays and papers on the subject he is studying andsubmit them to the tutor regularly for correction and discussion
Some people pay thousands of dollars to attend a university, and after a year they were no closer to a degree than a community college student. They are just further in debt. There are a number of different degrees available from
four year universities; the options are far fewer at a community college. Community college programs offer
Associate of Arts degrees. These Associate of Arts degrees are extremely helpful when it comes to transferring or pursuing a higher education later on. Community colleges are known for giving nontraditional students many
convenient ways to obtain a career. Married students, students with children, or even students who work full time may not have the time or the finances to complete a 4 year program. Furthermore, Community colleges offer vocational certificates in varies
fields. These certificate programs are designed
to prepare a student for an
entry-level job upon completion of the program. Students may decide to take only a
couple of semesters to get a certificate in a certain field such as nursing, welding, or surgical technology. Nontraditional students may benefit from one of the many certificate programs offered at a community college.
Sport is a part of student’s life at Oxbridge. English students are especially been on football and boating. Social life is highly developed at English colleges. The students edit college newspapers, take part in various amateur theatricals and enjoy discussions in their debating clubs.
In conclusion, because of community college is more affordable, still have different options for 2 years degrees and have smaller classes, the community college is a better choice than universities for high school students
. People can save lot money going to community college for their first two years, so they can put the saved money toward to the two or four more years to universities classes for their a Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degrees and or Doctorates
The universities have over a hundred societies and clubs, enough for every interest one could imagine.
Answer the questions using the information from the text.
1) What does “Oxbridge” stand for?
2) Are the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge residential institutions?
3) What does a “tutorial method” mean?
4) What can you say about sport and social life at English colleges?
Read the dialogue and say what new information about higher education in Britain you have learnt.
Financial issues and surviving the higher cost of four year Universities is a major difference between that of Community Colleges. Sometimes students cannot afford the high cost of a University but on the other hand, "Community colleges offer comparable freshman
and sophomore level general education classes at a fraction of the per credit cost of four-year institutions"5. For many, money is the main reason of not going to a four year University. Due to not wanting to go into debt, students usually
choose a Community College. "If university costs are just too much, even with scholarship, grant, and other assistance, then community college can also offer an alternative that allows full-time attendance"6. For equal credits at a lower cost Community College is very appealing to students with a
limited supply of money.
Ann: Hello, Steve! Have you got a minute?
Steve: Sure, yes. What can I do for you?
Ann: I’ve read a number of books on the British system of higher education, but I can’t make head or tail of it.
Steve: Mm…no wonder. What’s the problem?
Ann: Quite a lot of problems. What I want to discuss is the difference between a university and a college.
One major decsion one must make after exiting high school is whether to go to a university or stay home and go to community college. Although universities and community colleges serve the same purpose, the two differ in their learning environment
, convenience, and admission requirements
Steve: It’s like this, you see… The program is different. At university it is much wider. Great attention is paid to scientific subjects.
Ann: It sounds as though most people prefer a university.
Steve: Well. that rather depends.
Ann: Speaking about universities it is not quite clear about tutorials there.
While many times it is not about the grades and getting into college, it is all about the other aspects including financial issues, level of independence and whether or not a major is already determined. Community College and four year Universities are both excellent choices, but are meant for vastly different people. If someone has a set career path in mind
such as a lawyer, then pursue law school in a four year
University. But if that person is not prepared to leave home or has no set goals in mind, then Community College would be a much better choice for that individual.
What is a tutorial exactly?
Steve: Oh, it is when students discuss topics with a tutor in very small groups - usually there are not more than 3 or 4 students and sometimes only one.
Ann: I see… And coming back to colleges…I’m still not terribly sure what a residential college is…
Steve: Erm… It’s a college with a hall of residence on the same grounds as the principal building.
Convenience is another characteristic to look into when contrasting the two. Community colleges can be very convenient because of their location. One could stay in their hometown, drive ten minutes, and be at school. The choice to go to a university can leave a person paying rent
monthly on a dorm or apartment that is still ten to twenty minutes away from class. Which leads to the next point, a university can be very costly. The tuition alone can cost a fortune. Then the person still has to pay for his room, board, food etc… Without a scholarship of some
sort, universities are virtually impossible to afford, even for the average, middle class family. However...
In fact all the students live in hall.
Ann: Really? And what about the teaching staff?
Steve: Actually the majority of the teaching staff live there too. But there are also quite a lot of non - residential colleges.
The education that Community College provides is different from that of a four year university. While many people believe that University is by far better, "Community Colleges tend toward fewer students per class, which means more student/teacher
interaction. This is good for students who like access to their instructors so they can ask questions and avoid getting lost"1. Fewer student to teacher ratio means more one on one time with student and teacher
, therefor enhances a students learning
. It also means more recognition per student and individual teaching. At Universities there is much less one on one time. Classrooms and lectures are fully crowded with hundreds of students per one teacher. Although, Community College cannot provide students with the same
degrees that Universities can, "Most general ed. coursework that a University requires of its
freshmen and sophomores can be taken at a Community College. At a University you can be educated to within an inch of your life: they offer Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degrees and Doctorates"2. Therefore, Community College and Universities give different types of education
. In Universities one can have many more opportunities for pursuing one's career, but in Community College one can receive more help and more time to figure out what they would like to do in life.
Ann: And you studied at university?
Ann: I’d like to find myself in that university. What was it like?
Steve: Well… a big grey building surrounded by trees.
Steve: Nothing very remarkable. Of course, there were lecture halls, classrooms and a number or laboratories.
Another advantage community college students have is the size of the classes. At a community college the classes are made up of no more then forty people. This can be an overwhelming advantage because this gives students a chance to
interact with their professor
, which provides an easier learning experience. At a university, the student can be placed in a classroom the size of an auditorium with two to three hundred people, possibly watching the professor on a previously recorded
Ann: Any facilities for sport and PE?
Steve: Let me see. Yes… A gymnasium with changing rooms and showers, tennis courts… what else. playing fields for netball and football…
Ann: I believe students spend a lot of time together, don’t they?
Steve: Definitely. We had students’ societies and clubs.
Students in both our traditional undergraduate programs and our accelerated adult learning programs benefit from the transformational power of the Becker College experience. Our community believes in the core values of excellence, accountability
, community and diversity, social responsibility
, integrity, and creative expression. Our small class sizes, dedicated faculty, and a supportive learning environment provide each student with the skills he or she needs to succeed. We are committed to our mission of delivering a transformational learning experience
—anchored by academic excellence, social responsibility, and creative expression—that prepares graduates to thrive, contribute to, and lead in a global society
Ann: Am I right to believe that they are for those interested in drama and music?
Steve: Quite …and also politics, modern languages, literature, science and athletics.
Ann: Ah… that’s worth knowing.
Steve: And what I’d like to add is that students themselves organize all those clubs and societies.
Another difference between Community College and a four year University is that some students are not mentally stable enough to leave home yet; "Moving away from home when you’re a barely legal adult and living sans parental supervision in a puke-infested dorm is the American version of
painfully unmentionable tribal rites of passage. It’s a grow-up-quick, sink-or-swim, survival-of-the-fittest situation and it is what memories are made of"7. For some teenagers, the fear of leaving home and having to provide for yourself is too
overwhelming. For those mentally capable of living and supporting themselves, a University is the right choice.In regards to the University experience, "The experience of packing up and leaving your bedroom in your parents' home forever"8. While Universities have many advantages, Community College provides life as it at home with a higher level of education
. Many can still live at home and enjoy the college experience.
There is usually a Students’ Council or Union.
Ann: Well, Steve. Thanks very much. You’ve been most helpful.
Work with a partner or in groups of 3-4. Discuss the following:
1) A Russian and an English student are exchanging information on the variety of higher educational institutions in their countries.
2) Two students of the Academy are discussing their life. One of them is enthusiastic about everything, the other is disatisfied grumbler and finds fault with every little thing.
On the other hand, college allows you to fully take ownership of your time, responsibilities and who you want to become.
3) A student is speaking with a friend of his/hers about the programme and the course of study.
4) The difference between the systems of higher education in Britain and Russia.
5) Exchange information on social life of the students in your higher school, on sport and amateur activity.
6) Speak on what you think may surprise a Russian student at an English University:
b) teaching methods:
c) students’ extra-curricular activities.
Use these prompts expressing your opinion.
I think / suppose / guess / believe
Well, my opinion is that
I wouldn’t say that
On the one hand / on the other hand
If I’m not mistaken
If my memory doesn’t fail me
As far as I know