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Essay considers concepts of freedom, mobility in global migration

  • Cherry Picked - Essay considers concepts of freedom, mobility in global migration

LAWRENCE — The Urarina, an indigenous group in the Peruvian Amazon, never carried national identification documents until they were forced to.

Their concepts of place, freedom and mobility are very different than most who today live in "first-world" societies.

That's largely because most of the world is increasingly globalized.
In The Stakeholder Model the corporation is the centerpiece that holds several relationships with persons, groups and stakeholders. Stakeholders are critical to the corporation and it is believed that corporations have ethical duties and social responsibility toward stakeholders because the impact those stakeholders have on them. A corporation can benefit or burden stakeholders by its actions. Corporations have primary stakeholders and secondary stakeholders.

Technology has become more prevalent and bridged some gaps between previous geographic restrictions. To manage these changes, nations have facilitated immigration, which has entailed putting up physical and bureaucratic borders, and a University of Kansas scholar says now is a critical time to deconstruct ideas behind freedom and mobility.
Business, government and society are subdivisions of economic, political and social activities. The BGS field is the study of the interrelationships among business, government and society and its importance to managers. These interrelationships change over time. Businesses operate in the environment created by the interrelationships between business, government and society. To make good business decisions it is crucial for manager to understand the interaction between BGS. Managers have to do what’s right according to all three elements (Steiner, 2011).

"If we're in a position to address the human rights components, it's very important for us to plumb the depths of the philosophical dimensions of the very nature of freedom," said Bartholomew Dean, associate professor of anthropology.

Dean is the author of a book chapter on freedom and immigration in the June publication of the book "Keywords of Mobility: Critical Engagements," edited by Noel Salazar and Kiran Jayaram.

In his essay, Dean examines the ideas of "freedom of mobility" and "mobility of freedom" in the context that humans are seduced by the desires of overabundance instead of accommodating the shifting socioeconomic, ecological and geopolitical forces they face.

With immigration crises gripping both Europe and the Americas, Dean said "freedom of mobility" relates to the idea of whether people are able to stay put, leave and possibly return. It can become complicated as nations seek to regulate or impede the process by restricting individuals from legally crossing a border based on a person's country of origin, ethnicity or other factors.

According to “Business, Government and Society” capitalism is an economic ideology with bundle of values including private ownership of means of production, the profit motive, free competition, and limited government retrains in markets (pg 9). In the Market Capitalism Model it is easier for any individual to enter the market. Any new business that enters the market is in to make profit and to create competition. Competition creates and offers better value to customers and opponent firms. Businesses in this model focus on creative work and profitability. The creative work is well done therefore people are happy with the products, services etc. In the Market Capitalism Model management’s goal is to increase shareholders interests (investments). Government regulations are limited.

This also can open up the door for black markets to operate outside government regulation, such as smuggling, human trafficking and other dangerous networks in ways that can endanger people attempting to migrate.

Business, government and society are fundamental in this world. Business satisfies human’s needs by providing them products and services in exchange for profit. Government is a structure and process in society that with authority makes and applies policies and rules. Society is a network of human relations composed of ideas, institutions, and material things (Steiner, 2011). They all work together to create better solutions in all three elements. Forces in BGS have shaped our world.

Or if migrants are imprisoned or expelled from a country, this level of punishment can greatly influence one's life as well, he said.

"Issues of freedom have to be addressed at a global level as well as looking at what local notions of how we locally, regionally and nationally construct these, because otherwise they come into conflict," Dean said.

As he dissected the term "mobility of freedom," he found deep contrasts in that concept, especially in indigenous groups like the Urarina, who for many years had no use or value for government-assigned identification cards because they had little contact with the Western world or occidental bureaucratic institutions.

"Today they must possess these documents in order for them to survive and to resist an ever-encroaching world that is keen on their natural resources and potentially displacing them and absorbing them into a society that hasn't historically looked very favorably on indigenous peoples," Dean said.

He said it's critical to delve deeper into keywords surrounding mobility and immigration, especially as roughly 80 percent of all refugees in the world spend more than a decade in camps for refugees and internally displaced persons.

BGS are fundamental for Business decisions. it started to shape humanity since the beginning of the civilization and BGS would definitively continue to make changes in this world. The expectations are to have business, government and society to continue to change our world in a positive way, but for that managers have to understand the interrelationships among business, government, and society. The four basic models of the BGS relationship are interesting, but I believe that the countervailing forces work better because it is more democratic. It’s not just one group (government), person (society), or corporation (business) deciding for everyone, it’s everyone making decisions that would have an effect on everyone.

Dean is an advisory board member for KU's new Center for Migration Research under the KU Institute for Social Policy & Research. Foundation Distinguished Professors Cecilia Menjívar and Victor Agadjanian of the Department of Sociology lead the center, which promotes and coordinates KU research on the causes, types and consequences of human migration at the state, regional, national and global levels.

I was delighted when I was told my essay had been awarded third prize. I really enjoyed researching and writing my essay, because it allowed me to develop a greater understanding of the emotions and reactions of patients with Parkinson’s disease. Ultimately, I believe that entering this competition will help me to be a better doctor to my patients with Parkinson’s disease in the future. I would encourage all medical students to enter future BGS movement disorder competitions and to enjoy writing about movement disorders from a new perspective!

"Our ability to travel or to stay home is under threat," Dean said. "I think it's important for those at the forefront of policy and helping formulate policy to address this and have an open debate about this issue of great consequence."

Photo by Bart Dean, Department of Anthropology.

Updated on: 07/12/2016

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