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Essay diwali celebration

Diwali is celebrated in honor of Goddess Lakshmi. In Mauritius, we celebrate Diwali with honor great devotion. We cook sweets like kanawla, gateau patate, tekwa, gulap jamoun and many other delicacies.

At 6 pm we illuminate the house with candles and diyas.
The festival is marked by large firework displays, to remember the celebrations which, according to the legend, took place upon Rama's return as locals set off their own version of fireworks. Those celebrating the festival also light traditional earthen diyas (candles) and decorate their houses with colourful rangoli artworks - patterns created on the floor using coloured rice or powder. During Diwali, families and friends share sweets and gifts and there is also a strong belief in giving food and goods to those in need. It is also traditional for homes to be cleaned and new clothes to be worn at the time of the festival.

We pray, offer flowers, sweet and agarbathi. We also invite family and friends to add more joy to Diwali celebrations. Diwali is a great festival to Mauritians!!

I remember when I was in class 1, I wrote an essay on Diwali.

I scribbled ‘Diwali is a festival of lights; people decorate their homes and exchange greetings……’ Well, Is it actually bringing light and happiness around? is it actually sending positive vibes and blessings for happy and long life for the people around us?? If we are honest the answer is ‘No’.
Hindus light up their homes and shops, to welcome the goddess of wealth and fortune, Goddess Lakshmi , to give them good luck for the year ahead. A few days before Ravtegh, which is the day before Diwali, houses, buildings, shops and temples are thoroughly cleaned, white-washed and decorated with pictures, toys and flowers. On the Diwali day, people put on rich clothes, exchanging greetings, gifts and sweets on this day.

For most of us Diwali is just a synonym to a night full of crackers, noise and smoke. All this is an amalgamation of gloom, darkness, despair, health problems, environment degradation and murk. We scare the birds to death, shorten the lives of children who are engaged in cracker factories, trouble the heart and hospitalized patients, burn thousand of rupees to ashes in the name of ceremonies.
Firecrackers, which use sulphur and paper, put sulphur dioxide and charcoal into the air so crackers are now forbidden in silent zones i.e. near hospitals, schools and courts.

Do we have to pay such a heavy cost to buy a smile for ourselves? It is nothing but a sadistic pleasure to have moments of joy in exchange of mass havoc. After all Goddess Lakshmi does not want us to dispel the darkness of amavasya in this way.
Diwali comes along with a pack of festivals which start with Dhan Teras on Trayodashi means on 13th day after full moon followed by Naraka Chaturdashi on 14th day, Lakshmi Pooja (Diwali) on Amavasya, Goverdhana and Bhaiduj on 1st and 2nd day after Amavasya.


Let us enjoy Diwali in its purest form by lighting lamps, offering prayers and by making this world a better place for you and for me and for the entire universe. Happy Diwali.

Tanya Dogra

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Deepavali - The Brightest Festival

Diwali, popularly called Deepavali in some parts of India, is a festival which we all long for every year.

The preparations for Deepavali start long before the festival date.
The food most closely associated with the festival is Indian sweets, which come in a range of colours and flavours. The celebration however features various rich savoury and sweet dishes, and while eating out is popular, families will mostly prepare food at home for when guests arrive to exchange gifts and watch fireworks. Unlike the traditional roast turkey at Christmas, each family celebrating Diwali will more than likely have its own favourite meal for the festival, and the food will most often play a central theme to the celebrations.

First, the excitement for us would be the new dresses that are bought to be worn for Deepavali. Since Deepavali is a festival for more than 2 days, we have 2 or 3 new dresses. Apart from this all elders visiting us buy us sweets and dresses also.

We should play with fire crackers under observation of our elders and with taking proper safety measures. Only packed sweets should be purchased on festival season because chances of adulteration is maximum with opened sweets and food.

Jeans, T shirts, Trousers and shirts were all bought for me by my parents.

The other major excitement for Deepavali is the bursting of crackers and fireworks. This year we burst lot of crackers. Earlier I used to be afraid of crackers.

On this festival, sweets are made and distributed among friends and relatives. People indulge in fun and frolic on the day of Diwali. New clothes are worn by the young and the old. At the same time during night, fire-works and crackers are also let off. The bright flames of the fire-work present an exquisite sight in the dark night.

Now I have got over the fear of bursting crackers. My parents tell me that I have to be very careful while bursting. I followed their advice and there was no fire accident also. Sparklers, Rockets, Ground Chakkars and Flower pots were our favorites besides the Thousand thousand sparks bomb.
This festival is celebrated with great pomp and show. People whitewash their houses and shops with pictures, toys and paper flowers. All wooden things are painted and polished. Women prepare Pucca food in their houses.

The third rejoicing aspect of Deepavali is the eating of sweets. We visit relatives and friends with sweets and snacks. They also visit us with sweets and snacks. We seek their blessings on the festival day.

There are various opinions about it. The jains believe that on this day Mahavir Swami went to the heaven, there he was received warmly by the gods. He got Nirvan on this day. The Hindus celebrate this festival because on this day Shri Ramchandra returned to Ayodhya after killing Ravan the king of Lanka. People lighted their houses in this honor.

Gulab jamun, Laddoos, Halwas and Kaju cakes were my favorites.

My grandmother tells me that the victory of Good over Evil is the reason for this celebration. She also says that the festival is to mark the return of Rama to Ayodhya after his defeat of Ravana.

The festival is very useful to the people. It comes after rainy season. So all dirty things and rubbish are removed from the houses. The air become pure by the smell of havans and the smoke of chirags. Shopkeepers and toy sellers earn a lot of money on this festival.

Lots of people also start new ventures on this day after performing Lakshmi Puja. This is marked by lighting of lamps, candles and diyas by the women folk in the family. The light and colour add to the celebrations.

Diwali also called 'festival of lights' which brings the season of winter with joys, happiness, purchasings, gifts, and a lot of new events and festivals like Dussehra, Dhanteras, Goverdhan, Bhaiduj and Narak chaturdashi along with itself. Images shown in this essay and links to other resources will help kids to learn essay very easily.

In all, I can say that Deepavali is the brightest festival to be celebrated in India. The delicious food associated with the feast makes us feel that this festival must come more often in a year.

Diwali is the festival of lights which falls in the month of 'Ashwin' according to Hindu calendar.

'Deepawali' in Hindi means a row of diyas. Almost every house and street is decorated with lamps, and lights on the day of Diwali.
Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world. The festival, which coincides with the Hindu New Year, celebrates new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness. The actual day of Diwali is traditionally celebrated on the festival's third day, which this year falls on Thursday, October 23. The festival usually falls between the middle of October and the middle of November, although this is decided upon by the Hindu lunar calendar.

Diwali is a five day festival in India. Dhanteras is the first day of Diwali. On this day people buy jewellery, silver and gold coins. On the second day, Roop Chaudas people bath with uptan. On the third and the main Diwali day idols of Ganesha and Lakshmi are worshiped (Lakshmi Puja).

Dhan Teras is considered an auspicious day for buying utensils, home products, and gold, silver etc. In north India people do purchase broom stick on this occasion. People consider this day as auspicious for starting new business.

Naraka Chaturdashi


On Diwali morning Pitr puja - means worship of ancestors with water in clay pitchers and a clay diya. Home and Temples decorated with Rangoli and lighting. People worship of goddess Lakshami and lord Ganesha in their homes and shops and business locations in the evening.




On this day Kali Puja performed in Bengal. Skies are full of blooms of crackers. The night of amavasya is transformed into Purnima by glory of diyas. Fourth day is celebrated as new year according to Hindu calander.
Festivals bring out happiness from the hearts of people. India is a country that is known for festivals and celebration throughout the year. There is no month without celebration in the Hindu calendar. Among all festivals of India, Diwali is considered the happiest festival of the nation.

Bhaiya dhuj which is celebrated on fifth day glorifies love between a brother and a sister. On the day of Diwali, Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after exile of 14 years. People of Ayodhya welcomed him by lighting diyas.
According to some on this day Lord Ram reached Ayodhya along with Sita and Lakshman. The villagers of Ayodhya welcomed Ram, Lakshman and Sitaby decorating and illuminating their village withdiyas. Jains says this is the day when Lord Mahavira attained “moksha or salvation”. They show lights in jubilation of thus attainment. Dayanand Saraswati of Arya Samaj also attained ‘Nirvana’ on this day.

Let us all pledge to make our country prosperous and let us come forward to establish Ramrajya in India...

"Sabh mil mangal gao re,
Sabh mil deep jalao re,
Avadh me Ram aaye hai...!"

Saurabh Khemka

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Celebrate Diwali!

Diwali is the most popular festival of North India.

It is a festival of lights and firework. It comes after Durga Puja as the winter sets in. In West Bengal and some other places in North India Goddess Kali is worshipped during the Diwali. As the lights keep away the darkness, Goddess Kali drives away the evil forces in our world.

It is celebrated when Lord Ram, Sita and Lakshman returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. People of Ayodhya welcomed them with lighted oil lamps. That is why it is called the 'Festival of Lights. Every year on the day of Diwali we celebrate and pay respect to the Goddess Lakshmi.
One of the most significant festivals in Indian culture, Diwali, the festival of lights, sees millions attend firework displays, prayers and celebratory events across the world every autumn.

People also make mud houses in which they keep the Goddess of Wealth and pray. Few days before Diwali we go to buy crackers such as rockets, bombs, flower pots and sparklers etc.

We start our Diwali evening by praying.

Diwali is one of my favourite celebrations that my family take part in. Coming from a mixed heritage, my parents have always ensured that we celebrate both English and Indian festivals which not only means that we receive double the amount of presents but also feel a sense of belonging to both cultures. Diwali is also known as the festival of lights as it is traditional to light up your house with an impressive array of candles and small clay oil lamps to symbolise the triumph of good over evil. As a family we spend most of the day preparing the house by cleaning and decorating it before the evening party begins. The evening party is a welcomed excuse for family and friends to come together, enjoy a varied and plentiful selection of flavoursome Indian dishes and dance the night away. The house becomes a beacon of light and merriment full of laughter, music and fireworks that mark the celebration that usually falls between Halloween and Guy Fawkes Night.

Next we decorate our house with candles, thanking God for all he has given us. It looks beautiful when the oil lamps twinkle together in all the houses. Then late at night we get together and light the crackers.
On the night of Diwali people illuminate their houses and shops. Poor people light their houses with chirag. The rich people light their houses with electric bulbs of different colors. In big cities money is spent on fireworks. All people are happy. They are seen in their best clothes.

There is a lot of noise and air pollution. Then we have a small party where we eat and enjoy.

Diwali is a ‘Festival of Lights’. Before Diwali, we clean our houses, prepare various kinds of sweets and hang lanterns in our windows.

Great perpetrations are made for this festival. Everyone starts making arrangement one month before Diwali, new cloths are purchased, houses are cleaned and decorated with lights, flowers etc. People call and invite their nearest and dearest ones.

During Diwali we burn crackers, eat sweets and draw rangoli on our doorstep.

Diwali is the festival of Goddess Laxmi. We worship Goddess Laxmi on the day called ‘Laxmi Poojan’ that comes in the period of Diwali.

At night, buildings are illuminated with earthen lamps, candle-sticks and electric bulbs. Sweets and toy shops are decorated to attract the passers-by. The bazaars and-streets are overcrowded. People buy sweets for their own families and also send them as presents to their friends and relatives. At night, Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped in the form of earthen images and silver rupee. People believe that on this day, Hindu Goddess Laxmi enters only those houses which are neat and tidy. People offer prayers for their own health, wealth and prosperity. They leave the light on in buildings in their belief that Goddess Laxmi will find no difficulty in finding her way in.

The period of Diwali longs for 4-5 days. The last day of Diwali is called as Bhaubij. On this day, brother gives a gift to his sister.

In short, Diwali is festival of excitement. According to me, this festival should never end but anything that has started should meet its end.

Though this festival is so useful, it is not free from evils. Gambling should be discouraged among the people. It is a blot on this happy day. Festivals like Diwali are the only occasions for showing the social and religious sprit of the nation.

But, this festival always ends happily. I like this festival very much.

India is a land of Festivals. Many festivals are celebrated here with great pomp and show. Each festival has a religious or mythological significance behind it. Diwali is one of them. It is the festival of lights. It is celebrated for several days.

On Diwali occasion every community and age group is full of enthusiasm. Different ways of celebration to same festival by different cultures makes festivals more beautiful. Markets are full of good offers and new products. Lightings and decoration in market make environment for graceful. Service persons receive gifts and bonus from their employers so they are ready to purchase their required items from market.


It falls in the month of October or early November.

Diwali is celebrated by Hindus. It marks the victory of Rama over Ravana. It is celebrated in honour of Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after Fourteen Years of exile.

It has always been important that everyone attends the celebration and for years I watched as relatives and family friends travelled from work, home and University to make sure they were home in time. Now that I live away from home myself I have to pre-book my train to guarantee that I can make it home and don’t double book the important date. This hasn’t always been easy and during my first year of University I prided myself on never missing the connecting train between Leeds and London, until I missed it on Diwali. Due to a broken down bus I missed the train by five minutes and thought I would not be able to make it back to London in time to make the celebration that I had been looking forward to. After an hour of stress and hard negotiation I managed to get myself a place on the next train which meant that I could make it after all. From that day I made myself a promise that I would not ever come that close to letting my family down again, especially when the day is that meaningful. This coming October I am due to start my teaching assistantship in Sicily and my flight home for 3rd November is already booked, although this year that date holds a dual importance, not only is it Diwali but it is also my 21st Birthday!

Before it falls, people clean and whitewash their houses. The toy and picture shops are rearranged. Sweets are brought and distributed. Candles and crackers are sold briskly. It is a festival for shopping. Laxmi pooja is performed. Shop-keepers perform pooja in their shops as well as at home.
The Hindus worship Lakshmi; the Goddess of wealth on this day. They say prayers, so that Goddess Lakshmi may visit their houses. Lakshmi Puja is the Puja of Lakshmi Goddess and is performed at the night during Diwali.

People greet their relatives and friends with sweets and crackers. Shops are lighted with colourful bulbs and attract huge crowd.

The evening is most interesting part of the day when houses are illuminated with earthen lamps or candles.

The festival wears a lovely look. Everyone is well clad gay and mirthful some celebrate it in the most enthusiastic way some indulge in gambling according to gamblers, forms a part of Diwali festival. At night the people illuminate their houses, walls and terraces with earthen pots. The glittering lights in the darkness of night present a bewitching spectacle. Apart from houses, public buildings and government officers are also lit up. The scene of lights and illumination is very enchanting.

Children burst crackers. One hears the sound of bursting bombs across the city. Every one looks happy. People worship the goddess the wealth ‘Lakshmi’. They pray for health and wealth. People start their new business from this day.
It falls on the Amavasya of the month of Kartik every year by Hindu calendar and in the last week of October or in the starting days of November by English calendar.

Diwali is considered the best festival all over India. It is called the festival of lights. It gives a message of love, brotherhood and friendship. The heart of every one should be illuminated with light.

Diwali is one of the most important festivals of India. The word Diwali is an incorrect from of the word “Dipawali” which means “rows of light”. The festival of Diwali takes place on the fifteenth day in the month of Kartik when winter seasons begins.

Diwali is known as the 'Festival of Lights'. It is a Hindu Festival. Diwali is celebrated to mark the day when Lord Ram came to Ayodhya.

After 14 years of exile. Lord Ram went on an exile because his cruel step-mother, Kaikayi wanted her own son Bharata to become king of Ayodhya.

Diwali festival is the festival of the whole country. It is celebrated in every nook and Corner of our country. Thus this festival also creates a sense of oneness among the people. It becomes the symbol of unity. India has been celebrating this festival for thousands of years and continues to celebrate it even today which is both historical and religious.

Kaikayi forced King Dasharata to send Rama to forest for 14 years.

To celebrate Diwali we buy new clothes, firecrackers, sweets, etc. We also meet our relatives and friends on Diwali. At dusk we do puja of Goddess Lakshmi.

At about 10 P.M people close their shops and go to their houses. Then they worship Lakshmi-the goddess of wealth. after worshiping they enjoyed the rich food prepared for the day. They send sweets and Khil batasha to their friends and relatives. The officers give bakshih to their servants. Alms are given to the poor.

We also give food, clothes, money and other useful things to the poor. Some days before Diwali we burn statues of evil King Ravana. This is because Lord Rama defeated him. Thus, Diwali is a festival which celebrates victory of good over evil.
Diwali is one the most important festival of Hindus It is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the length and breadth of India. It is a festival of lights.

On the 9th November it is Diwali. On Diwali I go to the temple to celebrate. I usually have to be a vegetarian, because I go to the Alter and offer different sweets and fruits . One sweet is called "Peira" which is very fruity. We also take bananas, apples and grapes and many other fruits.

Bhaiduj festival is the symbol of affection of brother and sister. Sister tilaks her brother and offers coconut and sweets to him where brother gives presents to his sister.


I dress in Indian clothes. When I go to the temple I sing and play the harmoniam which is an Indian instrument. We light little lamps called dias, and put at least three in each room. This is to invite Mother Lasoni, the Goddess of Light into our house.
Merchants are traders and shopkeepers close their old accounts. They open new ones for the new year. The Hindus believe that goddess Lakshmi comes to their house at night. So they keep awake for the whole night.

Among the Jain festivals, Diwali is one of the most important one. For on this occasion we celebrate the Nirvana of Lord Mahavira who established the dharma as we follow it.

Lord Mahavira was born as Vardhamana on Chaitra Shukla 13 in the Nata clan at Khattiya-kundapura, near Vaishali.

Govardhan Puja and Bali Pratipada in North India celebrated as Govardhan Puja and Annakoot. On this day lord Krishna defeated Indra - the king of devtas by the lifting of Govardhana hill to save his villagers and cattle from heavy rain arranged by Indra. In north India cow dung, sugarcane, books, weapon and tools etc. worshiped on this occasion in the evening. For Annakoot, food is decorated which symbolizes the Govardhan hill lifted by Krishna.




He obtained Kevala Gyana on Vishakha Shukla 10 at the Jambhraka village on the banks of Rijukula river at the age of 42. He initiated his shaashan (Jaina-shashana) on Shravana KrashNa 1 at his first assembly at Rajgrah. After having preached the dharma for 30 years, he attained Nirvana at Pava, at the age of 71 years and 6 and half months.

The day of his Nirvana is is mentioned by many ancient authors. TiloyapaNNatti mentions: kattiya-kiNhe chaudasipachchuse saadiNaamanakkhatte, pavaae Nayariye ekko viresaro siddho.

In Uttara-puraaNa: kraShNa-kaartika-pakshasya chartudashyam nishaatyay, svatiyoge tratiyeaddha-shukladhyaana-parayaNah.

Thus during the krashNa of kartika month, during the svati nakshatra, on the night of the 14th (dawn of the amavasya), lord Mahavira became a Siddha.

Titthogali Painnaya gives the following gatha:
pancha ya maasaa pancha ya vaasa chhachcheva honti vaasasayaa |
pariNivvuassa-arihito to uppanno sago raya ||

The first line of it was quoted in Dhavalaa by Virasenacharya. Thus the NirvaaNa of the lord occurred 605 years and 5 months before the Shaka king.

Kalpasutra mentions that the King Chetaka of Vaishali with several confederate kings, had a great lightning of lights, since they said: ``since the light of intelligence (Vardhamana Mahavira) is gone, let us make an illumination of the material matter'' The oldest use of the word "Diwali/Dipavali" occurs in "Harivamsha-Purana" written by Acharya Jinasena, composed in Shaka Samvat 705.

tatastuh lokah prativarsham-aadarat
prasiddha-deepalikaya-aatra bharate |
samudyatah poojayitum jineshvaram
jinendra-nirvana vibhuti-bhaktibhak ||

Thus people in Bharata every year celebrate famous "Dipalikaya", to reverently worship the Jinendra on the occasion of his nirvana.

Diwali is not mentioned in Valmiki's Ramayana, Mahabharata, brahmanical Puranas or in Tulsidas's Ram-charit-manas. The Vira-Nirvana era originated on Oct. 15, 527 BCE. In 1997 the Vira-Nirvana Year 2524 will begin on Diwali. The Vikrama Samvat in Gujarat starts from Diwali.

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