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Essay on Museums and Historical Places

It is a causes (or 'reasons') and solutions essay as you have to explain why local people visit these places less than tourists, and then present ways to encourage more local people to visit.

It is common for IELTS candidates to only discuss one aspect, either causes or solutions, but not both.

You should always read the question carefully to make sure that you know exactly what you are being asked to do.

This will avoid you making this mistake, which is important as partially answering the question will lead to your score being reduced.

Take a look at the question, then examine the model answer and read the comments that follow.

Museums and Historical Places Essay Model

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists rather than local people.

Why is this?

What can be done to encourage local people to visit museums and historical sites?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words.

Essay on Museums and Historical Places - Model Answer

Although most places have sites of historical interest and a variety of museums to visit, it is predominantly tourists who come to see them, not local people.

This essay will examine the reasons for this before suggesting some possible methods of attracting local people.
Besides the grave of Mumtaz there is another grave. It is that of Shahjahan. We wandered here and there eagerly and visited every place. The Taj has four tall minarets at each corner of the tomb. All around there are lush green lawns and blooming flowers. We spent a few hours enjoying the beauty of the monuments. We came back to the station in the evening. The Taj richly deserves all the honour and distinction that it has been showered with.

The main factor is the different motivations of tourists and local people. For a tourist, the aim when visiting another country, city or region, is to learn about that new place and possibly to understand its culture and history.

Last Sunday our school arranged a visit to Agra to see the world famous Taj Mahal. It is one of the wonders of the world. It is called the Mughal Marvel. We reached the station early in the morning to catch the Shatabdi Express.

Visiting historical sites and museums is an excellent way to do this. On the other hand, local people have often lived in the area for much of their lives, and have either learned this at school or understand it through personal experience.
When the President of U.S.A. Bill Clinton visited the Taj Mahal in March 2000, he was bowled by its beauty. Before visiting the Taj Mahal, he said there are two types of people in the world - those who saw Taj Mahal and those who didn't. It is reckoned as one of the seven wonders of the world.

In addition, tourists are on holiday and have set aside time and money for these activities. However, local people may be too busy working and prefer to prioritise their spending on such things as school, shopping and socialising.
Students of schools and colleges generally go on excursions every year. They select places of historical and scientific interest to visit. Those going to Delhi will not miss to visit Agra and see the Taj Mahal. At Agra besides the Taj Mahal they can also seen the Agra Fort and Fathepuri Sikri which was for some time the capital of Moghul Emperor, Shahjahan.

Despite this, attendance of local people could be encouraged in a variety of ways. First and foremost, the perception of museums and historical sites could be changed by holding events at these places.

Taj Mahal is an architectural beauty which is beyond description. It is a work of Indian architects - both Muslims and Hindus. The mausoleum with its allied gardens and the building complex measures 1400 feet x 1000 feet and is in the form of a rectangle. It is enclosed by a high wall surmounted by four arcaded marble pavilions at each one of the four corners. As one enters he is flanked by arched apartments and red stone building structures. The main gate is a red stone structure of very great architectural value. Its facade contains beautiful calligraphic descriptions in Arabic. After one passes the main gate one enters the well-laid out garden with marble pathways, water course and fountains. Before the visitor, stands the beautiful marble mausoleum.

For example, they could hold cultural festivals or galas for the community to celebrate a unique aspect of that particular place. Another possibility is to have special promotions, such as a reduced price or free tickets provided in local newspapers and magazines.
The principal mausoleum stands again on a rectangular platform built in marble with a plinth area of 22 square feet. The mausoleum proper is square in shape. The main dome which rises to a height of 108 feet from the base platform is of pure white marble. On each of the four domes of the platform there is a minaret covered by "Kiosk". The central dome towers all these cupolas. It is said that it took 22 years to complete the whole structure and that it cost then three crores of rupees. The construction of this central dome itself is said to have taken 12 years. Besides white marble about twenty varieties of precious stones are said to have been used in the decoration and inlay work of the Taj Mahal.

Related to this, concession cards could also be provided to local people so they are encouraged to come more regularly.

In conclusion, tourists have different motivating factors to local people, which accounts for the reasons that they are more likely to visit museums and historical sites.

That said, it is possible to encourage attendance by local people through cultural events and promotions.
We live in an age of progress and one result of that is that the urban landscape of many cities is changing. An unfortunate consequence of this is that some historic places are being lost for future generations. Something needs to be done to preserve these places and, to ensure that, we first need to understand why they are being destroyed. There are a variety of reasons why these places are being replaced and this mainly depends on their original purpose. Many of these historic places were residential and typically the problem is that they no longer have the appropriate facilities for modern-day living. For example, they might have been built in an era when central heating was not a priority, or even when bathrooms and toilets were outside. Unfortunately, it is often cheaper to pull these places down rather than renovate them. Other historic places that are now under threat originally had a civic function and were built in city centres. Examples of these places are theatres and cinemas.

(300 words)


The essay on museums and historical places begins well by introducing the topic and then explaining in the thesis statement the purpose of the essay.

The first body paragraph clearly deals with the first aspect of the question, explaining the reasons why tourists prefer to attend museums and historical sites than local people.

Two reasons are given for this.

The second body paragraph then sets out possible solutions to the problem of low attendance of local people.

Two solutions are presented with some examples to support them.
As often as not, these buildings are being replaced through economic necessity as they are no longer financially viable. They are being replaced by supermarkets or modern cinema complexes that cater for the demands of the twenty-first century. There is probably no one solution to ensure that these buildings are preserved. One possible step though would be for the civic planning authorities to list certain builidngs that they consider historic and prevent any alterations being made to them. Another possibility would be to ensure that at least the facades of these buildings were preserved for posterity. Clearly, this is a complex problem and we have seen that there are a number of social and financial factors that have led to the destruction of historic buildings. If we are to preserve them, we will need legislation to prevent or limit the activities of developers.

The conclusion then summarises the main arguments that have been presented.

The essay is thus well-organised and supported, and has a good range of grammar and vocabulary, with high levels of accuracy.

The essay would thus score highly in the IELTS test.


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