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Factors and Dimensions of Health

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Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 20th July, 2017

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Throughout this essay I am going to discuss weather physical activity and/or exercise equals health and some of the positive and negative effects of physical activity. In New Zealand health involves Hauora, Hauora is made up of four dimensions spiritual, physical, mental and emotional and social. All dimensions are interrelated and rely on each other. Health is no longer seen as just the physical dimensions For example someone who goes to the gym may be physically healthy but because there spending too much time there then it will be effecting there social and mental dimensions which could have a big effect on their overall health. Media have manipulated reality and society measures themselves against these images which can be false at times.

Keywords: dimensions of health uk

This essay will describe the dimensions of health. It will also go on to discuss how determinants of health can affect an individual's health. Furthermore the essay will explain the professional, legal and ethical principles that will apply when nursing this individual.

For each of the following six dimensions of health, list at least one characteristic, activity, belief, or attitude that reflects that dimension in your life. Provide a brief explanation with each example. Refer to Ch. 1 in the text for explanations of these dimensions.

In conclusion this assignment will identify personal concept of nursing.

Describe the Dimensions of Health

"Health is the extent to which an individual or group is able, on the one hand, to realise aspirations and satisfy needs: and on the other hand, to change or cope with the environment. Health is therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life, not an object of living: it is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources, as well as physical capacity" (WHO 1984).

The dimensions of health are so inter linked that one dimension often has a knock-on effect on others.

Health is therefore holistic. One dimension of health is Intellectual: this is where an individual must have the ability to develop skills and knowledge to enhance one's lifestyle, an example of this is health education, where a person has to have the intelligence to take on board life style changes.
Conclusion: The mental dimension deals with the constant refill of intellectual knowledge, a constant seek of new information. If the intellectual developments stops is starts stopping the functioning of other spheres too, influencing the weight management not at once, but throughout them.Occupational and environmental dimensions are related to skills and talents of a person and the environmental possibility of their realizations, along with the general condition of earth surface.All the mentioned dimensions altogether form the image of a ideal and balanced man. To be completely healthy and maintaining the proper weight it is required to keep them in perfect balance.

One other dimension is Physical, this relates to the physical systems of the body, its compositions and functioning. This can be achieved by maintaining health by exercise and diet and maintaining good fitness.

Health and wellness are active states which are deeply affected by style of living. There are 6 dimensions of Health and Wellness which all work together and when in harmony create a healthy mind and body, Physical, Intellectual, Social, Emotional Environmental, and Spiritual. In order to be healthy, one must make decisions when to change behavior and when to maintain current behaviors based on the results they are currently achieving.

Another dimension of health is Emotional health. This is important as an individual has a more fulfilled life they have the "feel good" factor, and have the ability to handle stress and seek help if required. If individuals are able to build strong relationships and communicate with friends and family, this often allows them to express worries which also contributes to good health.

Emotional health: Facial asymmetry, its connection to emotional expression, and methods of measuring facial asymmetry. Psychologists have long been interested in facial asymmetry and its connections to - amongst other things - attractiveness, health and personality type. Distinctly, neuropsychologists have looked at the asymmetry of a moving and expressive face, in the hope that it can teach them about emotional processing in the brain (if one side of the face moves more during expression, then this might be because one side of the brain is more active during expression).

One further dimension is Social. Humans enjoy a more fulfilled existence if they are able to have social interaction with others. Having activities to attend or appointments to keep, keeps an individual aware of their own self.

Social health: The economic and social conditions, and their distribution among the population, that influence individual and group differences in health status. Social health of a society is defined as how well the society does at offering every citizen the equal opportunity to obtain access to the goods and services critical to being able to function as a contributing member of society.

They may take time to get ready and take a pride in their appearance to attend social activities. This also contributes to keeping the individual both physically and mentally healthy.

The further dimension of health is Spiritual which is also very important to groups of people.

This is where an individual has the ability to have religious or morals principles and be able to explore them.
Spiritual health: Spiritual wellness I would say is having adequate understanding of your values. For someone who does not believe in anything unseen, this may entail perhaps having at least more appreciation for the life and conditions that one witnesses, experiences, or feels from life interaction from people, animals, nature. For me, this would mean having sufficient appreciation for life and creation and also a creator and the wonderful, complex creation around me.

For some this gives great contentment and a purpose to life.

The last dimension of health is environmental this could be explained as external surroundings i.e. access to travel. It is also important to have inexpensive social housing and access to it, the most vulnerable in society are homeless people.

Spiritual health: An activity that reflects my spiritual health would be practicing my religion and following the beliefs of that religion, like the holidays you celebrate and why.

The Individual

The name of this person has been changed to protect their confidentiality as per NMC (2009) guidelines. The person will now be known as Mr K. I have asked Mr K and his family for permission to look at him in this assignment and I have had their consent.

Social health: I feel that my current relationships with my boyfriend, his family, my family and friends are definitely a reflection of my social health. I have been with my boyfriend for 5 years and we spend almost all of our extra time together. When we are not together, I am with my mom, who is my best friend or my sisters.

Mr K is a man of 68 years of age. He was brought up in a working class family, of which he was the eldest son. Mr K worked in local mining industry for 20 years until he was made redundant. Mr K then gained employment in a local factory where he worked until his ill health.
Environmental health: Environmental Wellness; this could mean having adequate consciousness that the environment around us is made up of many elements that while some elements are easily replenished, others are not. It means having adequate insight as to at least guiding our minds in more conscientious ways to appreciate the elements in our world and use those elements more prudently, carefully, or more respectfully.

Mr K has been married for 47 years and has 3 grown up children. Mr K and his wife had a wide social circle of friends and family. Mr K and his wife spend many weekends, as did their friends, drinking in the local club and in friend's houses.

Having this understanding but also having the desire to begin understanding our lives more so each day, will provide us with increased interpersonal/social wellness for we will begin to appreciate who we are more each day and also begin to have much more respect for those around us who may have experienced much more neglect, mistreatment, and bad experiences in their lives. Having more understanding of these things will help us become more caring more considerate, more compassionate, and “better able to coexist with our fellow man in more adequate, positive and productive ways.

Mr K was a heavy drinker at the weekends; he also smoked when he was drinking, although he never smoked during the week. Mr K had no obvious health problems until the age of 57 when he had a stroke. A stroke (cerebrovascular accident ) is the brain equivalent of a heart attack and happens when the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off by:

  • a clot/blockage in a blood vessel or
  • a bleed from a blood vessel

Blood carries all the essential nutrients and oxygen needed by the brain to function. When the blood supply is interrupted as a result of either of these two types of stroke, then the brain will not get the oxygen it needs and brain cells die.

Intellectual health: Having an understanding that mostly all of us apart from some organic dysfunction in a few persons, are really quite equal but greatly affected over time by our individual environments, treatment, neglects, supports over time. It means also realizing we are all pretty much normal in having emotions, feelings along with highs and lows that continually distort our perceptions of others and also their perceptions of us. It means knowing we are all very young and experienced in truly understanding our own values and our own lives.

When a stroke occurs, some or all of our senses and bodily functions can be affected. This occurred without any prior warning signs. Mr K was taken to the local hospital, where various tests confirmed that he had a left sided aneurism.
Introduction: It is widely known that a completely healthy human being is a person that is healthy in every single aspect of the term “health”. Health is maintained not only be physical exercising, and having a nice fit and string body cannot be a guarantee of a real “health”. This is because health has various dimensions. These dimensions include very single part of the life of a human a man, a woman or a child. The violation of the functioning of any of this dimension may have a deep impact on the weight management of a person. Before starting analyzing the exact ways these dimension influence the weight management it is necessary to mention all of them. The seven dimensions of health are the next: physical dimension, spiritual dimension, emotional (psychological) dimension, social, mental (intellectual), occupational and environmental dimensions.

Mr K was paralysed on the left side both arm and leg and his speech were also affected. Mr K remained in hospital for 7 months where he went through months of re-habilitation. Mr K is currently cared for at home by his wife.

Discuss what determinants affect this individual's health

As previous stated Health is a holistic concept, which is made up of different determinants which affect the health of an individual.

Many factors combine together to affect the health of individuals and communities.

Whether people are healthy or not, is determined by their circumstances and environment.
Physical health: Stress management, stress is what you feel when you have to handle more than you are used to. When you are stressed, your body responds as though you are in danger. It makes hormones that speed up your heart, make you breathe faster, and give you a burst of energy.

To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact.
Or out of sequence. We are usually not even consciously aware of this. But our subconscious is screaming at us. “This guy is weird! Possibly DANGEROUS! Get away from him now!” It triggers something in us, like warning us of a predator who is mimicking humans (badly) just to get into the group and kill us in our sleep.

One determining factor in income and wealth, it can be noted that people in a higher income bracket enjoy better health than those in the lowest income levels. Education is also a determinant of health and poorer educated people in the community are linked to ill health.

Intellectual health: I feel that a reflection of my intellectual health may be my grades throughout school and currently in my past classes. I have only had two classes at UOPX, but it has been over 10 years since I have been in class and I still received an A average in both classes. I feel that this shows some of my intellectual health.

Environment is essential when determining health as communities with clean water and safe housing has a huge effect on health. Employment and good working conditions can also be included in this determinant as people in employment have less illness.
My emotional health can always use some working on, I say this because grew up with certain events that created an emotional wall. Sometimes I take things the wrong way and can blow up quick.

Good family and friend support networks often produces better health as does certain traditions and cultures. Often found to be an essential determinant of health is genetics, inheritance has a huge part to play on determining lifespan.
Wellness is the harmonious integration of all personal dimensions listed above. The study of wellness includes the prevention of health problems, the protection from health threats, and promotion of the health of others. Wellness is first and foremost a choice to assume responsibility for the quality of your life. It begins with a conscious decision to shape a healthy lifestyle. Wellness is a mindset, a predisposition to adopt a series of key principles in varied life areas that lead to high levels of well-being and life satisfaction.

Health service and access to health plays an important role in health as does an individual's attendance at such. The last main determinant of health is gender which of course an individual has to live with but it is known that men and woman suffer from different illness throughout their lifetimes, and also a female is more likely to seek medical help quicker, which will affect health.
The average person goes about his or her business every day, looking at things which catch their conscious interest. But the sub-conscious is looking at everything, constantly on alert for things that might be prove dangerous or interesting. When we run into someone who is, as you say, socially awkward, it doesn’t take long for our subconscious to realize that the person is not acting “normally”. Lots of little social cues are missing or miss-timed.

When considering Mr K many of the determinants of health become apparent and some of these could certainly have had an effect on Mr K's early ill health. For example Mr K came from a lower working class family.

Intellectual health starts as a child when we learn right from wrong. Peer pressure is a big example intellectual health, sometimes we tend to do things because of the people we may be around.

Access to fresh fruit and vegetables was minimal. Most of Mr K's food would have come from the cheapest varieties. This could be linked to Income and income distribution determinant. Mr K also came from a one parent family and his mother worked this led to the family mainly fending for themselves during the day at school holidays and some nights after school.
Being able to be around different groups of people and interact. For example like the first day of school most kids are nervous to open up but I’m the type to always start off the conversations.

This could be linked to psychological determinant, stressful and poor living conditions can cause continuing feelings of shame, insecurity and worthlessness. Lack of parental care also has a high impact on later health.
In approximately 125 to 200 words, describe health and wellness in your own words using the ideas and concepts for each of the six dimensions of health.

Although Mr K did work he worked in a nororisoly high risk industry i.e. coal mining. The working conditions were very bad at times and the stress levels while working in high risk areas at times would have had an effect on Mr K's hypertension, although Mr K was not aware of having hypertension at the time.

Physical health: I feel that my exercise routine is my activity that reflects my physical health. My eating could be better so my physical fitness contributes more. I work out 3-5 days a week and sometimes more than once a day.

Mr K's lifestyle away from work, was not good for health either. He was a drinker and smoker. Usually binge drinking at the weekends taking about 40 units of alcohol over 1 or 2 days. Mr K was also a heavy smoker at this time often smoking 40 cigarettes at one drinking session. This would have added to high colestral and blockage to arteries.

One final determinate on Mr K's health could be the fact of his gender, Men are less likely to go to their GP. This may be due to men's working hours and shifts and GP opening times which could make appointments difficult to keep maintain.

All these contributing factors may be part of the cause of Mr K's sudden and early ill health.

Explain the underpinning professional, legal and ethical principles that would apply when nursing this person

Mr K's health has deterioted and he now requires nursing care.

"The NHS has to provide comprehensive and integrated health services to prevent and treat illness and to improve the health of the population. This basic duty is also complemented by specific legislation and case law which afford patients certain rights.
Environmental health: My environmental health is reflected by the recycling that I do each week and the fact that I grow a lot of my own vegetables and spices. I feel that if I had the means I would contribute more to the environment as well, such as a more efficient car.

For example, the right to confidentiality, the right to refuse treatment and the right to access medical records. More generally, the NHS must also comply with other legislation such as the Human Rights Act 1998 and UK equalities legislation, and it should act compatibly with conventions such as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities" Patients Right Scotland Bill 2010.

When Mr K is admitted to hospital the nursing staff must plan his care plan focussing on Mr K's holistic care and it should be patient focused. Mr K should be asked initially for consent if Mr K is not of fit mind to make decisions then Mrs K should seek rights to be made Mr K's appointee. This should be done in accordance with the Mental Capacity Act 2 2005.

The importance of physical, spiritual, emotional, social, intellectual, occupational and environmental dimensions as the seven dimensions of human health.

Mr K should still be consulted about his care with the inclusion of his wife and family. Mr K has the right to privacy and confidentiality in accordance with the NMC code (2008). Mr K should be asked if he will allow his records to be shared with other health professionals. Mr K could possibly need assistance from physiotherapy staff and occupational health staff.

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