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His Creation Of Professor Shonku a Scientific, mystery thriller and Tarini Khuro, an adventurous, mystery sequence bring us to his imagination, art and literacy. Film Meastro Tapan Sinha in his film “Kabuliwallah”, which is wholly based on Tagore’s story, have also struck the writer’s vision. Eminent film makers as Mrinal Sen, Kumar Shahani and Adoor Gopala Krishnan were criticized ruthlessly when their literary works are
adopted but distinguished from the original work.
I think that modern technology has changed modern film making for the better. In the last few years, using the latest technologies has been paramount in the film making process. This has caused films to evolve over the years with each progressing idea, technology, and technique, allowing filmmakers to bring their vision to life more accurately and more convincingly to the big screen.
The youth tries to imitate (copy) each and everything which is in the films without understanding that some part of it might leave a negative impression (thought) on them, and this reflects (shows) in their dressing style, their driving, their way of talking etc. The film censors also seem to
be more liberal (open-minded) than ever and allow sex and violent scenes which have a bad effect on the mental make-up of youth. In the films today when the daily crimes, murders, robberies are shown some people take it in a
wrong way and they purposely learn how to commit (do) such crimes. They learn the tricks (action) and tactics (plans) used for crimes in the films. Also now abuses (bad things) are so common in almost all the films that even a kid of 10 years is able to speak such abusive language knowingly or
unknowingly. There are many cases of youth either running away from home to go to Bombay to try their luck in Bollywood.
Without these advances in video capture and computing many films such as 'Star Trek'(JJ Abrams, 2009) would not have been as successful. Film production has also become very fast to meet the growing demand for movies as the channel for distribution increase and audiences broaden.
Cinema nowadays leaves a great impact (effect) on the minds of people. Its effect can be seen not only on the elders of rural and urban areas but on the children as well. Going to the pictures has now become a craze with young people, both boys and girls, and it has been noticed that they often economize
(save) on other items of expenditure but they must see films every week. This fast growing habit is not only expensive (costly), but also results in considerable (great) waste of precious (valuable) time. Visiting the cinemas too often at the cost of class lectures and by missing lectures also spoils the education of youth. Most Indian films present
scenes of sex, violence (fighting), crime, robbery, rape, etc. Education and other experts have repeatedly (again and again) found that the main source (base) of teasing and assaults (physical attack) on girls in our towns and cities, in the market place and elsewhere, is the cinema.
The development of technology has affected an extremely wide array of areas concerning film, including the production process, the way films are viewed, how the films are distributed, and even how they are promoted.
Cinema, an art of showing life of human beings and the respective happenings in life, which literature glorifies, not only the actual occurances but also reflects in an idealized form, the standards of social thought and
morality. Cinema/Movies, the most remarkable, illuminating & fascinating discovery of Science and Technology, where the credit goes to the American scientist ‘Thomas Alva Edison’. The tone of literature changes with the
stages of society, life style and the respective incidents, which portrayted & given a clear view by means of perfect moulding in mode of Films.
These new innovations are advancing so quickly now that the traditional cinema-going experience may find itself having to compete with online streaming of filmed entertainment.
2. The facts and opinions
Digital media is in-expensive and can be edited quickly and easily.
The major distinction between them lies as poetry belonging to the art of utterance, while cinema/movies the art of showing, but on the whole they both don’t make easily a good couple. These films and the vedio makers have taken up the challenge anyway to make a way of responding the poet’s work, creating original cinematic writing
, gradually leading to the magical, amusing world of entertainment and the fantasy in films.
Large Volumes of raw video are handled in a few days with sometimes only one person working on it, this is comparable to the older methods with film that took several weeks to process with teams going through each reel of film.
The rich as well as the poor are fond of going to the pictures. Although the small silver screen is available in several houses, yet a majority of the people still like to go to the cinema houses to enjoy the movies on the big screen. Even in this age of rising prices, the taste of cinema going public has not been affected. They are as fond of it as before.
The first practical cinema device was made by two French brothers Louis and Auguste Lumiere, they called it the cinematograph. In 1894 the device and others like it began to be used in public buildings or halls (dubbed ‘nickelodeans' because it cost a nickel to watch the short animation).
Thousands of young boys and girls have virtually (nearly) ruined (destroy) themselves in the senseless quest (mission) for becoming cinema “stars”. The efforts of parents and teachers to give their boys and girls sound education and to teach them good, ethical (moral) behaviour and good morals in order that they may become good citizens are thus defeated (failed). The cinema, it is said, can serve as a good medium of education and instruction, and the message that can be conveyed (expressed) through films cannot be conveyed as effectively through
any other channel, such as the radio, because of the colourful and visual impact on the screen. It is not contended
(challenged) that there should be a total ban on films.
Through various advancements throughout the following years the recording and replaying methods became more powerful and much simpler. One of these advancements led to colour pictures and was used to obliterate mono-chrome movies for a short while.
K Narayan, Banophool, Premchand, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhayay, Manik Bondhopadhayay and many more. It is indeed a credit of the director, translating these fabulous works into films by enhancing the appeal of the novel, doing a perfect justice to the writer’s work, possibly contributing a commercial support. Apart from this there are also enough contribution of the film makers of abroad. Films/Movies based on Shakesperean Comedy drama “Romeo and Juliet, “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, “Twelfth Night”, “The Merchant Of Venice” etc.
Films like ‘Schindler's List' - Steven Spielberg 1993 and ‘Clerks' - Kevin Smith 1994 show that monochrome can help make an atmosphere that colour can't.
An example of a movie with very little technology would be “No Country for Old Men” which relied on the atmosphere made by good acting and filming.
Kevin Bacon Says “A good director creates an environment, which gives the actor the encouragement to fly”, Hector Babenko said “Curiosity doesn’t matter any more. These days people don’t want to be transported to emotional territories where they don’t know how to react. ” -Robert Bresson said “My movie is born first in my head, dies on paper; is resuscitated by the living persons and real objects I use, which are killed on film but, placed in a certain order and projected on to a screen, come to life again like flowers in water.
It is argued that the lack of technology used in the making of the film and even in the setting, which was the early eighties, made for a more dramatic effect. But to contest that is the fact that the film was following the original novel by Cormic McCarthy, and that dramatic effect was made by very good acting, directing, back music and producing.
The dramatic performances were based on antiphonal singing, dialogues were written and the possibilities were in Roman Catholic Church, with the advent of Elizabeathan drama, various plays of Shakespeare, Marlowe, Dickens and others followed, enriching the English literature
. Considering the nature of work of literature can be comprehended by means of two stages, the art of reading and the art of showing, in which the later transforms poetry, novels, short stories into Cinema.
Computer Generated imagery has changed the way movie makers imagine and visualise the movie because they are not as restricted as they were 20 years ago. Some ‘get arounds' had to be made then due to lack of funds or until a technological solution was developed.
Great improvement and reforms can be brought into the film world. Development schemes should be popularized. The teaching of some subjects such as Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and Engineering should be introduced
. The evils of cinema should be denounced openly. Gross sex pictures should be banned. Shameless display of love should be avoided. The Censor Boards should
be strengthened. The overall influence of cinema on
the youth in this country has not been good and whole some.
The more simple ‘tricks' included stopping the camera but keeping it in position as an actor moved off set before continuing to give the effect that a character had suddenly vanished. Another trick would involve an artist painting some matching scenery around a sheet of glass and letting the camera film through that so it made the surrounding area look larger than it actually was.
It’s a product of creation of a literary artist, accompanied with his theoretical and practical knowledge, intellect, thoughts and imagination, where an artist creates his own animated world with realistic events and incidents. As through the words of Mathew Arnold “ Literature is the best
record that is thought and Known in the world”, in the words of Satyajit “Literature was another avenue for the expression of his creative talents”.
Original animations were very tedious and labour intensive. To make the drawings ‘move' the cartoonist normally had to produce twenty-five to twenty-six drawings for every second of screen time. This resulted in ten-minute cartoon needing fourteen thousand, four hundred different drawings.
Commertialy they usually do a huge amount of business. “Species 1& 2” shows how natural concequences takes a major part in creation of a new species, a living organism with in human beings. “Spiders and its Offsprings” “Arachnophobia”, Eight legged Freaks” gives a proper evidence of how a simple carelessness
can turn into a terror of death, an unstoppable end. Similarly in movie “Final Destination”It is seen a different style of terror resulting death and its consequent horrors, with a superb touch of realism, blood hell and unyielding spirit of revenge paralysed the audience with terror.
‘Gertie the Dinosaur' by Winsor McCay in 1909 was the first one of its kind. It was seven minutes long and needed ten thousand drawings.
Titan AE, this is an animated movie enhanced by computer to give a hybrid.
Even Shakespeare’s tragedies are transformed in Movies- ‘Macbeth’, ‘Hamlet’, ‘Othello’, ‘King Lear’ ‘Tempest’ etc. Marlowe’s ‘Edward II’, Jane Austen’s ‘Pride and Prejudice’, Milton’s ‘Paradise Lost’, Charles Dicken’s ‘Great Expectations’ and many more have been moulded and given a new look, quite popular to our present generation
. Penny Gay interested in film ‘adaptation’ of classics, particularly of Shakespeare and Jane Austen: she is enthusiastic about free, imaginative, and wide-ranging rather than literalist attempts to
translate these works to the screen.
This was a great success and is known for stunning visuals and brilliant voice acting. Normally an animated movie is screened at around twenty five frames per second which means that even the smallest movement on screen would require about sixty drawings.
Cinema is a very useful and educative entertainment. We see the pictures of dams, factories, rails, roads, tractors, and so many other things of interest on the motion picture screen. We learn so many new things which enrich our mind with interesting details of new information
. Cinema has thus an educational value. Besides, cinema is a means of advertisement. In a poor country like India, it has got a great value.
With the computer this be dramatically reduced and enhanced graphically.
Another movie “Monsters Inc. “ is completely computer generated. This gives the movie a cartoonish look and the class of a live film were the actions and motions are more fluid.
The poet presents his skillfulness, an admirable creation of his imagination and fancy in the mind of the readers, but in Later Middle Ages with the growth and development of drama led the people to exemplify another form of art, their intense fascination on gestures and acting, Various forms of drama were performed based on different scripts gives a clear evidence from the popularity of “Miracle” and “Morality” plays and “Interludes” before the advent of Elizabeathan drama and playwrights.
CGI allows directors to create an atmosphere that they would not be able to achieve with models or visual “trickery”.
George Lucas explains in “Star Wars A New Hope - Remastered DVD” In the scene where Luke Skywalker and Obi-Wan Kenobi are speeding across the Desert in the “Speeder”(Hover Car), The production team originally put Vaseline on the camera lens in the area that the cars wheels would be. This of course left two black smudges under the car.
There is hardly any aspect of human life which is outside the scope of the cinema. It has created a better understanding and goodwill among different countries by showing their social, economic and cultural life. It has brought people of different
countries of the world nearer to one another. It presents a true picture of the human civilization. The cinema represents the mystery of human life and throws light on the inner secrets of the human life and heart.
Due to other problems and limitations Lucas had problem realising his vision for the movie. He created his own digital effects house (Industrial Light and Magic and sound companies ‘THX' and ‘Skywalker sound' because the things he wanted simply didn't exist New techniques were thought up and tested. Although the film was highly successful, Lucas still was not happy and later remastered the film with more advanced graphics and sounds. With the improvements they added larger backgrounds to once disappointing sets and add extra characters. A cut scene was added because they could now add in a CG (computer generated) alien character that at the time didn't even have a puppet stand-in.
Mrinal Sen’s Oriya film “Matira Manusya” in 1965, the first Oriya film with an extraordinary literacy but had to face criticism due to the differentiation of literacy work with the film. Godrad and Mrinal Sen always based their films on the recreation of literacy classics
. In this case the ideas and statements of the film makers get dwarfed in order to be true to the literary classics. Now lifting the veil of literary classics, there are many other eminent countless good Indian films were made
simply by translating the works of Sarat Chatterjee, R.
Without the help of these special effects the film would not have done justice to Lucas' original vision for the movie.
For ‘The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring' (Peter Jackson, 2001) and ‘The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers' (Peter Jackson, 2002) programmer Stephen Regelous created ‘Massive' a special-effects program that allowed thousands of unique CG characters to have a mind of their own when thrown into combat for the battle scenes.
Cinema has lurking dangers in it. It has hit hard the labouring classes and the students. Undesirable cravings are harboured and evil company is allowed to breed. Eyesight, too, is affected and money is squandered recklessly. Young boys and girls are, at times, led astray. Cheap films do a lot of damage to their morals. Their attention is focused on fashions and just.
“Gathering seventy-thousand or so tall, broad-shouldered extras, dressing them in elaborate armor and having them slaughtering each other was out of the question.
“Digital technology is a thing, a medium that makes film flourish as it never has before.” - George Lucas
Because of CGI, realistic Dinosaurs were seen in ‘Jurassic Park' (Steven Spielberg, 1993) and animals have charged down through a city street in ‘Jumanji' (Joe Johnston, 1995).
Life is a Theme of Literature, Literature is the expression of Life. Life fashions Literature and Literature moulds Life. The intimate relation between Literature and Cinema is one of the common place truths which have been illustrated again and again, both Social and literary
life history. Literature is the most fascinating creation of a literary artist based on the style and stategy of life. Life and reality are the basics of Literature.
“The future of cinema lies in the power of the pixel. The injection of fresh ideas and methodologies will only serve to mix up the metaphorical gene pool and empower a new generation of filmmakers.” - Roger Corman
Both these movies have done very well in cinema through VHS and DVD sales.
These film/Vedio tapes are chosen out of the American experimental tradition to exemplify the various techniques of marrying the two arts “Literature & Cinema”. Every natural incident before the poet, around him, in world is the only source of utterance, arouses out his inspiration & his creative energy that rests upon the core of reality. This what further transformed into poems, speeches, songs and novels respectively.
Examples of films that have been let down by special effects would be ‘Killer Flood'(Doug Campbell, 2003) and Deep Blue Sea(Renny Harlin, 1999) which did alright in viewings and even had very good acting and scripting but was let down by a few moments were the audience should have been amazed by the imagery but instead was disappointed by the poorly made imagery of the sharks.
Cinema, A proportionate to the style of language as when a novel, short story transformed into a film, the first note worthy part comes the script. The script writer may or may not mould down the language of the novel in order to make an easy communication and understanding to the audience, mainly applicable in commercial films. In case of commercial films the novel or short story may be taken as a script but it may be modified according to the flavour of audience.
Movies have also been influenced by Computer Games and some of the rendering techniques from games have been applied to the movie making process. One such method has a group of people wearing Skin tight clothing fitted with sensors on all the locations were movement is most noticeable and at joints.
Nobody can deny the fact that recreation is as important in life as work. All work and no play, makes life dull and boring. Life would lose its charm if there is no amusement in it. That is why recreation has always been an important part of human activity. Even in ancient days
, games and sports, dancing and singing, dramatics and hunting, used to be the favorite pastimes that provided man with a welcome change in this dull
and dry routine of work and labour. Fairs and festivals also serve the same purpose. In this age of science, the modern man has devised various machines to amuse and entertain himself. Cinema is the most modern and the most popular form of entertainment. It is an entertainment within the reach of all - the rich as well as the poor. In all seasons, in rain or sunshine, the cinema provides an excellent amusement to the people. Crowds of people can be seen
standing in queues in front of the booking windows at all times of the day. With the coming of the television and video tapes, cinema has become a part of almost every home. It has become a part and parcel of life. Today we can live without food for a day but we cannot think of life without cinema.
A computer then gathers the information to make a model on screen with the same movements of the person wearing the sensors.
Computer generated imagery has also helped reduce the cost of movie making.
But steps should certainly (surely) be taken to see that good instructive (useful) films are made, not trash and ruinous (damaging) presentations merely (simply) to cater (supply) to cheap tastes. Knowingly or unknowingly the films molds (shapes) the youth of today in one way or the other and effect of cinema on
youth can be seen widely. Even the youngsters in rural areas are so much affected by the movies, that they place the heroes of the film in a very integrated (internal) part of their minds. They try to change their lifestyle
according to the films, starting from hairstyle, clothes, dialogues and so on.
Large effects that normally cost thousands to make can be done with a decent computer and some editing software.
Because of the need of pre-processing is no longer required with digital video, clips can now be viewed on site instantly and mistakes can be found and changed or fixed unlike traditional 35mm film where errors would not be found for weeks until all the film had been processed. With cost effective production, more and more movies can be made and newer previously unknown directors appear with Box Office hit Films.
As when a great work of literature is adopted and placed on the screen by a director, whether it will be true or equal to the writer’s vision, as while transforming it into a celluloid. With the inception of Cinema, Literature has
attracted all the creative film makers, pioneers in the world of cinema such as Pramathesh Barua, Debaki Basu have based their films on the eminent works of Sarat Chatterjee, Tarashankar Bandhopadhyay and others.
A recent box office hit “Zombieland” directed by Ruben Fleischer was the first feature film by him, without the low cost production methods available the movie may not have been made.
‘District 9' & ‘Zombieland' done well in cinema and have been made by first time directors.
‘District 9' Gross Profit $210,146,235
‘Zombieland' Gross Profit $90,081,556
The large profits of these films show that they have been a success and the filming budgets (average 30,000,000) show that studios are not afraid to stop a production half way.
It cannot be said that all the films are corrupting youth. Films also have a healthy and knowledgeable influence on the youth. There are films like “BAGHBAN” which was a family film and made us learn a lot. On the other hand, there are films like “RANG DE BASANTI“, “LAGAAN”, “TAARE ZAMEEN PAR” which are a wonderful films, giving the youth to learn so many good things in life. Films like “NAYAK“ are ideal (perfect) lessons for the politicians of this country. Films have inspired young people to combat
(fight) against several social evils like
untouchability, dowry, etc.
Before digital film these mock ups had to be made to view/preview the movie hence a higher cost.
Digital Video has been both the answer to cheap filming and the enemy of those in the film industry. With digital video large amounts of video can be moved and transferred easily rather than the trucks needed to move the reels of film. Increased memory capacity has aided this as well allowing very high quality images to be recorded. High definition video is an example of this as there are so many pixels per frame and so many frames the file sizes are enormous. Just 30 minutes of video can be two Gigabytes in size.
One of the first films to use digital video was ‘Westworld' in 1973.
Shortly before digital video came digital audio. With digital audio the same advantages apply, it is cheaper to store and easier to edit. One of the main advantages of digital audio is that tape is not needed to store it. Audio stored on tape was prone to distortion or deterioration from magnetic waves and moisture; it is also much harder to sync than with a piece of video like an animated character or sound effect.
She has supervised several Honours dissertations in this field, and has taught a unit of study called ‘Shakespeare in the City’ which is entirely based on film versions. A close analysis on the films of Premchandra and Saratchandra, we find the characters and the situations are created in such a way, it seems it appears from modern day. Mordern world are in the urge of horror, mystery,thriller Stories, suspence thriller, brutal murders, death sequences centering round a
single cause - may b a human being, living dead or alive, beasts and insects, by any cause of scientific or natural disaster, take a major role in the world of Cinema.
Recorders and Microphones have become very small and fitted inside the ear or in the collar of a jumper. They can record in very high quality which helps in the editing phase, if a character gets drowned out by another noise or their voice becomes muffled by another person in front of the microphone on the main floor . The better quality also creates a much better atmosphere for the audience.
To a Literary genious, Literature is a view of life, a mode of survival, thinking, communicating, expressing his thoughts, but to a Director, film the only mode of communication. A question arises whether cinema should be a true literary genius, it depends on the
director as he should be given complete freedom of cinematizing the literary classics in his own view. Cinematising, creating a celluloid of the great classics of literature reflects the vision of the writer and the ideas of the director simultaneously, Still remains unquestionable Literature is bound to cinema or Cinema is bound to literature ?.
This may not make or break the film but bad audio can be worse than bad visuals in my own opinion.
With HD (High Definition) audio emerging, recording techniques and styles will evolve again. This will follow the adoption of Surround sound which is now common among home entertainment systems and some Cinemas or Movie Theatres.
The director Overrules the whole cinematographic sequence and drives away his workshop, tackling all barriers, creating a view of life and reality, giving a colourful portraiture of a dream world mingling with comic and tragic sequences with distinct and dancing, stepping on toes, wooing each other with charms of mouth, eye and mind.
- Surround Sound uses multiple speakers placed around the audience and a special controller sends the right volume and sounds to each speaker to make it sound as though the audience is immersed in the movie.
Sound technicians now place the mic's around the set / scene to record the different sound levels at those spots in the room.
Satyajit Ray’s “Pather Panchali” was the first which brought International Acclaim, was wholly based on the great work of literature of Bibhuti Bhusan Bandhopadhayay, Other than his Imaginative Creation Of Feluda, a Private Investigator, His nephew and literary artist Jatayu, together making “The Three Musketeers”, roaming different places, solving cases purely based on intellect also placed on the screen- “Sonar Kella”[The Golden Fortress], Joy Baba Felunath [Mystery of the Elephant God] and many more.
Not every new idea in cinema was successful enough to consider continuing at first, such as three-dimensional movies (3D), which required viewers to wear special glasses, and the “smells”, in which different scents were blown into theatres to accompany the images and sound.
But ultimately it’s “WE” or the individual, on whom everything depends on what he/she gains from the films. We should see the films to enjoy and learn good things and not let the bad things affect us. Thus, “Youth and Cinema” is a notion to be thought upon and concerned. So, beware of what you see and what you gain.
The system just didn't work well or subtly enough.
Now though 3D movies are at an all-time with 9 3D movies released in 2009 alone. With the new 3D technology using digital glasses and high frequency screens the poor effect on a viewer's eye-sight or balance has been removed.
3D Filming has for a long time been an attraction for creating stunning experiences. “Journey to the Centre of the Earth” was the first film to successfully deploy a live 3D experience. It grossed $241,995,151 in worldwide.
These changes seem to have been for the better, good profits for 3D films shows a fan base and market audience. The newest technologies used are proving their worth and may end up leading production to entirely 3d movies.
With advancements comes cheaper high end equipment this has led to a lot of fans and 'wanna be' producers making films or videos on the cheap. YouTube the greatest example of public film/video is well known and is full of fan made or home made movies. Some of these can be on par with full length feature films. Technology has advanced to let what used to be studio equipment be compacted and simplified for everyone.
A good example of the Fan- made movie is “The Hunt for Gollum” a prequel to “The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring” It has amassed over 1.5 Million views and maintains a 5 star rating( The highest available on YouTube). On another Note the Movie has been made in HD which shows the makers had access to good equipment.
Another intriguing thing to note is that technology on the whole can and has influenced films. Two older movies that are well known are ‘Wargames'(John Badham 1983) and ‘Hackers'(Iain Softley, 1995). One of the most notable is The ‘James Bond 007' series of films which has used technological possibilities to its fullest, were Bond is supplied with a massive range of gadgets some futuristic and some of the present times.
Movies at home are now a big part of the cinema experience. Large television sets and home cinema systems are very common. Small versions of the projectors used in the cinema are also common and provide a cinema like atmosphere to your home movies. Homes can even have computers that server video and audio content to the television.
With movies cheaply available to buy, sets of several DVDs available on a single Blu-ray disc and Online services such as the iTunes Store making digital downloads available, there is always a larger demand for movies and so the film industry will continue to make good films.
“With more channels of distribution there will be a greater demand for content but less money will be required to make it. The people who can create content the most cost effectively will have a clear cut advantage” - Roger Corman
The future of Cinema is greatly entwined with technological advancements. The effects of technology on cinema are quite clear, as long as the technologies are used in the right ways and are not abused for the sake of time or money then the quality of cinema will not die. Though there are movies were technology plays a minute roll it still seeps through from the camera used the sound recording equipment and the sets built. The cinema was built of technology and should continue to thrive and mature and technology does so.
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