In citing film and other media, use the citation form for the format in which you watched the work being cited. For example:
- If you watched the film Casablanca on DVD and wish to cite it, use the citation format for DVD (not the film original).
- If you watched Casablanca in a movie theater, use citation format for film.
- If you are citing a documentary or program that you watched on DVD/videotape, but which was originally broadcast on television, use the citation format for DVD/videotape.
- If you are citing a trailer for a theatrical movie that you watched on the internet, use the citation format for online resources.
Include the following elements in the following order. Include as much information as is available from the media package or other sources.
In lessons 9 thorugh 11, students write a descriptive essay, a comparison/contrast essay, and a persuasive essay. They learn to revise their essays in lesson 12. Lesson 13 encourages students to develop their own writing style while emphasizing elements such as the use of active rather than passive voice and eliminating unnecessary wordiness. Lessons 14 and 15 prepare students for future essay writing by teaching how to write essays in response to "prompts" they might encounter in class or on tests and how to write within a time limit. Lesson 16 wraps up the course. Since their is an expectation that students will continue to write more essays, there are suggested topics for different types of essays at the back of the book along with a "Proofreading Checklist." The Checklist also appears in lesson 12 on page 50. It appears that pages 76 through the end of the book, which include the evaluation helps and the checklist, might be removed and kept separate by the parent/teacher.
If you are citing the contribution of a particular performer or the director of a work, you may choose to include the person's name first in the citation (last name, first name)
You may include other data that seem pertinent, such as writer of screenplay or writer of work upon which the film is based, depending on the focus of your research.
DVD, Video or Film Title (italics)
Series Title (no italics or quotation marks)
Director/Filmmaker OR Personal Producer OR Corporate/Institutional Producer. Other individuals responsible for the work (eg., writer) if relevant
Key Actors or other Key Performers.
If the work being cited is the original format (ie. if you've viewed the film in a theater), cite the Studio Name OR Production Company followed by production date OR original release date (If known)
Format (if the version you're citing is video or DVD)
Distributor (i.e. DVD or video distributor)
Distribution Date (separated from the distributor by a comma)
Citizen Kane. Dir. Orson Welles. Perfs. Orson Welles, Joseph Cotten. RKO Radio Pictures, 1941.
Fahrenheit 9/11. Dir. Michael Moore. Lions Gate Films, 2006. Film, citing a contributor first:
Kazan, Elia, dir. On the Waterfront. Perfs. Marlon Brando, Lee J. Cobb, Rod Steiger, Eva Marie Saint.
Hands-On Essays uses the hand as an outline to provide a clear, simple method for teaching four main types of essays. The FREE instructional videos found on this site and the lessons in the student handbook are geared directly to middle school and high school students. The handbook also contains a lesson-by-lesson evaluation guide to help parents or teachers offer feedback on the assignments.
Columbia Pictures Corporation, 1954.
Karloff, Boris, perf. Frankenstein. Dir. James Whale. Perfs. Boris Karloff, Colin Clive, Mae Clark. Universal Pictures, 1931.
Gore, Al, perf. An Inconvenient Truth. Dir. Davis Guggenheim. Lawrence Bender Productions, 2006.
Rozsa, Miklos, comp. Spellbound. Dir. Alfred Hitchcock. Perfs. Ingrid Bergman, Gregory Peck. United Artists, 1945.
Breathless (À Bout de Souffle). Dir. Jean-Luc Godard. Perfs. Jean-Paul Belmondo, Jean Seberg, Liliane David.
The Hands-On Essays DVD/textbook set is one of the most interesting resources I've seen for a self-instructional essay writing course. It can be used by students in middle school and high school. While students might work independently, they might also be in a group class setting since there are times where they need to discuss or interact with someone—this can be a parent or another student. Whatever the learning environment, a parent or teacher needs to evaluate student work. Evaluation guidelines for each lesson are at the back of the book.
1960. DVD. Criterion Collection, 2007.
Frankenstein. Dir. James Whale. Perfs. Boris Karloff, Colin Clive, Mae Clark. 1931. DVD. Universal Pictures, 2006. America's Least Wanted . Prod. Rebecca Haggerty, Susan Levine, Jamie McClelland, Adele Rice and Jaime Yassin. Videocassette. Paper Tiger TV, 1995. Story of Change. Prod. UNICEF. Filmed and edited by, Byron Blunt. Videocassette. Nairobi, Kenya: UNICEF, 1998. DVD/Videorecording, citing a contributor first: Schrader, Paul, writer. Taxi Driver. Dir. Martin Scorsese. Perfs. Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster. 1976. DVD. Columbia TriStar Home Video, 1999.
A multi-sensory approach to writing that is excellent for all learning styles. On this flight (flight=one year of instruction) students learn how to write a 4-5 paragraph essay. Students travel through the writing process and complete six writing projects.
Brooks, Albert, perf. Taxi Driver. Dir. Martin Scorsese. Perfs. Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster. 1976. DVD. Columbia TriStar Home Video, 1999. Wexler, Haskell, cinematographer. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? . Dir. Mike Nichols. Perfs. Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, George Segal, Sandy Dennis. 1966. DVD. Warner Home Video, 2006.
Faulkner, William, screenplay. To Have and Have Not. Based on the novel by Ernest Hemingway. Dir. Howard Hawks. Perfs. Humphrey Bogart, Walter Brennan, Lauren Bacall. 1945. DVD. Warner Home Video, 2003. Hemingway, Ernest. To Have and Have Not. Screenplay by William Faulkner. Dir. Howard Hawks. Perfs. Humphrey Bogart, Walter Brennan, Lauren Bacall. 1945. DVD. Warner Home Video, 2003. DVD/Videorecording, citing additional information about the work or the particular release.
Metropolis. Dir. Fritz Lang. Perfs. Gustav Fröhlich, Brigitte Helm, Alfred Abel. 1926. DVD. Restored authorized edition; digitally remastered.
After watching the DVD lesson, students proceed through the textbook lesson. Occasionally, they might write directly in the book, but most of their writing will be collected into a separate binder or notebook. (There are so few places where students might write in the book, that you can easily have them do that work in their notebook and later reuse the textbook for another student.) Textbook lessons include models of student writing as well as some pieces by the author herself. Encouraging quotes by famous authors, clip-art illustrations, and icons to identify key points or steps make the text visually appealing. A large font style and plenty of white space keep the pages from feeling cluttered or overwhelming.
Kino International Corporation, 2002. Man with a Movie Camera (Chelovek s kinoapparatom). Dir. Dziga Vertov. Original music composed and performed by the Alloy Orchestra. 1929. DVD. Kino International Corporation, 1997. Mindwalk. Based on the book "The Turning Point" by Fritjof Capra. Dir. Bernt Amadeus Capra. Perfs. Liv Ullman, Sam Waterston, John Heard, Ione Skye. DVD Paramount Pictures, 2000. DVD/Videorecording, citing supplementary material contained on disc: "Making of the Mutuals" (supplmentary visual essay by Sam Gill). The Chaplin Mutuals. Volume 3. DVD. Image Entertainment, 1995. "The Early Sound Era" (supplementary material on DVD release of The Jazz Singer). 2006 . DVD. Warner Home Video, 2007. DVD/Videorecording of a work originally broadcast on television
Summer of Love. American Experience. Prod. and dir., Gail Dolgin & Vicente Franco. PBS. WGBH in association with KQED. DVD PBS Home Video, 2007.
Medicine at the Crossroads. Prod. 13/WNET and BBC TV. DVD. PBS Home Video, 1993.
"Bringing up Buster." Arrested Development (Season 1). Perfs. Alia Shawkat, David Cross, Jason Bateman, Jeffrey Tambor. DVD. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 2006.
The entire course focuses on the five-paragraph essay. The first eight lessons deal with basic structure and approach as students learn the components of the essay, work on topic sentences, create a thesis statement, and develop outlines. Students begin to actually write as they work on the various parts of the essay during these lessons.
"Ku Klux Klan: The Invisible Empire." CBS Reports. Prod. and dir. David Lowe. Correspondent: Charles Kuralt. 1982. DVD. Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 2002.
Capote, Truman. "A Christmas Memory." Hallmark Hall of Fame. Dir. Glenn Jordan. Perf. Patty Duke, Piper Laurie, Jeffrey DeMunn. 1997. DVD. Lions Gate, 2000. DVD/Videorecording of a series originally broadcast on television. Citing installment in series: