Free dustbowl Essays and Papers

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The Dustbowl of America in the 1930s - The Dustbowl of America in the 1930s The Dust Bowl of North America refers to a catastrophe in the early 1930's when vast areas of the Midwestern and Western farm lands of America became wastelands.

This occurred due to a series of dry years which coincided with the extension of agriculture in unsuitable lands.
The Dustbowl was a period of severe dust storms occurring in the American and Canadian prairies in 1930-1936 (Vann Woodward, 1967). At the same time, the Dustbowl was not just a natural disaster that struck the large territory and affected the natural environment and economy of the US and partially Canada. In fact, it was the disaster which revealed the full extent of the negative impact of human activities on the environment. The Dustbowl was provoked by humans and put many people on the edge of survival. At the same time, the Dustbowl proved to be the warning made by the nature to people to change their attitude to their environment and their economic activities.

Droughts and dust storms caused by poor tillage practices devastated farms and ranches of the Great Plains; therefore, causing a great exodus of its inhabitants to other, more fertile, lands.... [tags: American America History] 857 words
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Havoc From the Dustbowl in the 1930's - As America tumbled skyward into the 1930s, the country also stumbled earthward into a cataclysmic depression. Farmers all across the country mewled out in agony as huge swarms of flinging dust particles flew amok and disfigured cropland.
Many Europeans migrated to the plains in 20th century. Most of them migrated for farming. This led to major increase in farming. Not only people, but equipment was improving making farming even more efficient and of greater scale. After WWI the prices on products dropped dramatically, encouraging farmers to work harder. Farmers used harsh farming methods which led to erosion. For example cotton farmers left land bare in winter when winds are at their strongest. Some burned the stubble, or form of weeding prior to planting where the organic nutrients from soil are deprived making ground vulnerable to erosion. The native grasses which used to hold the soil were plowed. This left the ground unprotected.

The dust squirmed itself into houses, barns, and the lungs of innocent people, infecting them with what came to be known as a dust pneumonia. Farmers suffered harshly from the annihilation of their farms due to the soil flying about.
It was really tough to find food because everything was in dust, farmers didn't have time to grow cattle, because they were fighting the harsh conditions. People would go to parks were special areas for cooking. People could built a fireplace and cook some simple foods they could find, afford. People shared with each other to give others a better chance for survival.

It impaired animals, crops, houses, and their families’ health.... [tags: pneumonia, agriculture, sunlight] 825 words
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Commentary Analysis of The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck - ... Unification is safer. There is a better chance of finding food and even work by sticking together.
The tremendous disaster had caused a lot of death and ruined the peoples' spirit, yet it united people and taught them to stay positive in hard times, plus it made them look back at their mistakes and learn at them. Now people learned from this disaster to prevent it happening again, and they know that any time something similar happens they would stand there together and fight it, like they fought The Dust Bowl. "United we stand, divided we fall". Dust Bowl had not only negative effects which we see right away, but some supreme positive effects when looked at deeper. Everything has a positive side from which people have to learn, even such a horrible thing as dust bowl. "The ultimate meaning of the dust storms of the 1930s was that America as a whole, not just the plains, was badly out of balance with its natural environment. Unbounded optimism about the future, careless disregard of nature's limits and uncertainties, uncritical faith in Providence, devotion to self-aggrandizement - all these were national as well as regional characteristics."- Robert Worster, historian.

There are many men and many hungry families but so few jobs. In chapter three, Steinbeck describes a "concrete highway" that a turtle has a tough time crossing. Once the turtle almost reaches the destination it gets hit.
The early 1900's were a time of turmoil for farmers in the United States, especially in the Great Plains region. After the end of World War I, overproduction by farmers resulted in low prices for crops. When farmers first came to the Midwest, they farmed as much wheat as they could because of the high prices and demand. Of the ninety-seven acres, almost thirty-two million acres were being cultivated. The farmers were careless in their planting of the crop, caring only about profit, and they started plowing grasslands that were not made for planting Because of their constant plowing year after year and the lack of rainfall, the soil was quickly losing its fertility. With unfertile, dry land, the wheat crop started dying, and then blowing away with wind. Due to the improper farming, along with a long drought, dust storms made life in the Dust Bowl very burdensome.

As it struggles to flip back over and continue on its journey. This represents the continuous obstacles that the Joads and the other farmers handle throughout the story. This is a metaphor showing, like the turtle, the Joads refuse to give up.... [tags: Family, Dustbowl, Migration] 602 words
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Entertainment and Author´s during the Great Depression and Dust Bowl - The 1930s was a time of economic decline and great natural catastrophe. While, the United States was going through a great deal of cost reductions literature was an important way for people to escape the depression and recession that the 1930s brought.
The effects of the Dustbowl were disastrous for both people and environment. Natural disasters, such as dust storms occurred regularly reaching the Eastern coast of the US, including such large cities as New York (Janke, 2002). The land became absolutely inappropriate for farming and local farmers and their families had to move to other states where they looked for new jobs. In fact, the Dustbowls aggravated the negative economic effects of the Great Depression for American farmers. People, who escaped from the Dustbowl region, had little option but to hire at starvation wages or to stay unemployed.

During September 3, 1929 the stock market was at its peak (Boom or Bust). On October 29, 1929 the stock market crashed, known as “Black Tuesday” (Boom). While the stock market crashed the steel industry was down, several banks failed, and house constructing was reduced (The struggles of the 1930s).
Providing emergency supplies, cash, and livestock feed and transport to maintain the basic functioning of livelihoods and farms/ ranches.

... [tags: Distraction, Economy] 671 words
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Grapes Of Wrath - Okies Vs. Californians The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, is a novel depicting the Okies migration to California during the period in history known as The Dustbowl.
The Dust Bowl was a treacherous storm, which occurred in the 1930's, that affected the midwestern people, for example the farmers, and which taught us new technologies and methods of farming. As John Steinbeck wrote in his 1939 novel The Grapes of Wrath: "And then the dispossessed were drawn west- from Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico; from Nevada and Arkansas, families, tribes, dusted out. Carloads, caravans, homeless and hungry; twenty thousand and fifty thousand and a hundred thousand and two hundred thousand. They streamed over the mountains, hungry and restless - restless as ants, scurrying to find work to do - to lift, to push, to pull, to pick, to cut - anything, any burden to bear, for food. The kids are hungry. We got no place to live. Like ants scurrying for work, for food, and most of all for land." The early thirties opened with prosperity and growth. At the time the Midwest was full of agricultural growth. The Panhandle of the Oklahoma and Texas region was marked contrast to the long soup lines of the Eastern United States.
In this novel Steinbeck attempts to display the tensions between the Okies and the Californians. This display can be closely compared to today’s tensions between citizens born in the US and the Immigrants.
Egan, T. (2006). The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Great pieces of literature are timeless in the lessons they teach and the controversy they portray. The tensions between the Okies and the Californians were heated, as are most tensions dealing with land and immigration.
The Dustbowl was definitely provoked by wrong and environmentally dangerous methods of farming. As the matter of fact, the Dustbowl affected the vast territory of the Great Plains, which had never been used for farming before the settlement of Europeans. Moreover, until the late 19th century these lands had not been used for cultivation but the cattle farming dominated in the region. Nevertheless, after droughts in the late 19th century, farmers started cultivating various plants, especially wheat in the Great Plains region. However, the methods of farming were absolutely erroneous and inapplicable in the geographic and climatic conditions of the Great Plains. Farmers used extensive methods of farming that led to the erosion of soil. They did not use such techniques as crop rotation, fallow fields, cover crops and other techniques which could have prevented fast and irrevocable soil erosion (Egan, 2006). The soil was exhausted after a couple of decades of extensive farming and the severe drought that struck the region accomplished the destructive impact of farmers on the environment. As the matter of fact, the land which was used to be farmland had turned into a desert as soil turned into dust. Hence, the Dustbowl emerged as the effect of the negative impact of farmers on the would-be fertile land of the Great Plains.

... [tags: essays research papers] 464 words
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Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck - ... We got bread to make san’widges.” Her behavior is rather rude and sarcastic. She is doing this because she probably thinks that he is one of the other victims of the dustbowl, and that he will be rude.
It wasn't until 1941 when Plains finally started to recover. The other version is that in 1920 farmers got new equipment like plows and listers, this made their work easier and vaster. They plowed more land then it could bear because now it was much easier, plus they needed to do it because of deflation after WWI. The equipment coasted big money which required more work on the fields to meet the coasts. Farmers used disk plows rather then listers, because the work was done faster this way, but plows caused much more damage to the ground making it vulnerable to wind erosion, soil moisture, depletion, depleted soil nutrients, and drought.

The man then replies with, “I know, ma’am.” He could’ve easily said something else and be rude if he wanted to, but he didn’t. Instead of being rude he stayed humble and kind. His humility changes Mae’s behavior so that way she doesn’t have to act rude or sarcastic. The man’s humility stays insistent throughout the excerpt.... [tags: men´s humility, waitress] 617 words
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How did the New Deal Assist Recovery from the Great Depression? - ... He was unwilling to get involved with the economy • Hoover vetoed many bills that would have given relief to the unemployed or poor and used a trickle down approach.
Even though the program helped people, it was not enough, because the disaster still lasted and they had to witness it. People got sick; fell in depression because thought their future was ruined. Yet, most of them didn't loose their faith and overcame this horrible event by making jokes like:" birds fly backwards so sand doesn't get in their eyes". People had stamina, humor, and optimism which were the main traits to keep them alive and well during this horrible period. By 1941 most areas previously dry had normal rainfall, moreover, the climate has brought economic boom to the country. In about 1980 people forgot awful droughts and stopped paying attention to anti drought programs. They started practicing same farming methods that they used to practice in 1930s which caused some more trouble until 1990. Droughts of 1930s and The Great Depression led to relief expenditures of 525 billion dollars by the Congress. Now to avoid avoiding farther soil problems during droughts, which cause such global impact on people, Soil Conservation Service is at work in order to keep away from future disasters of such kind. After drought conservation practices and irrigation increased, farm sizes grew larger, crop diversity increased, federal crop insurance was established, and the regional economy was diversified.

• Passed the Smoot-Hawley tariff which furthered the global depression • Under Hoover in 1932 unemployment fell down to around 25% and homelessness skyrocketed/Hooverviles • Under Hoover GDP went down 5% per year • Monetary policy was controlled extremely tight FDR: • Franklin D. Roosevelt became the president in 1933 • At first was against the ideas of Keynesian economics later , he later accept them • The he promised a "New Deal" that would relieve recover and reform the American economy • the first New deal was... [tags: frankin roosevelt, economy, market crash] 1644 words
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The Great Depression and the Recession of 2008 - The Great depression and the Recession of 2008 There were many causes for the great depression in the 1929; the most noticeable one was the stock market crash of 1929. This crash started on the 24 of October then on October 29, the stock market just dropped on a day called Black Tuesday.
Establishing government-based markets for farm goods, higher tariffs, and loan funds for farm market maintenance and business rehabilitation.

After that, everything fell, the banks failed because they do not have the money to give out to the people. There was also a reduction in purchasing across the board. There was also severe drought and American economic policy with Europe was strict which made businesses to fall.
The drought program which was started by U.S. government has been applied to benefit people who had witnessed the horrible disaster. It has included four points.

... [tags: market, banks, homes, fail, policy] 574 words
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Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck - “Grapes of Wrath” by John Steinbeck depicts the journey of poor whites during the era of sharecropping and new developments. During the great Dust Bowl, after World War 1 the Joad family is forced to leave their home that they’d been living in for many generations.
Dust Bowl gave birth to many excellent American art which included literature photography and music. For example Classics Dorothea Lange and Arthur Rothstein bring the image of dust bowl in their writings, as well as John Steinbeck in his "The Grapes of Wrath", or Woody Guthrie whose ballads, such as "The Great Dust Storm" gives us the feel of what its like to witness this disaster. This is extremely important because it shows that even in such a horrible thing like Dust Bowl people still found some positive effects. It is very difficult to look for positive sides of terrible things. It might sound strange but in a way Dust Bowl developed American culture to a little extent.

Tractors had taken over the Great Plains; only these machines could handle the Dust Bowl. Tom Joad after coming home from being in the McAlester State penitentiary finds his home empty; his family, as well as others had left for California after being promised jobs.
Charles L.Todd and Robert Sonkin made an expedition to migrant camps in California to discover more about how was it to live in those harsh conditions, to discover effects of dust bowl. Main point of Todd/Sonkin expedition was to document life in (FSA) Farm Security Administration camp in California.

... [tags: great depression, character analysis]
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Success of the New Deal - Success of the New Deal During 1929 many people invested in the stock market, this led to the stock becoming less and less valuable, this eventually led to the Wall Street Crash. The current Republican President, Herbert Clark Hoover was not seen to be doing enough so he was succeeded By President Franklin Delano Roosevelt' (FDR) , who would end the depression with his 'New Deal'. Roosevelt holds the unique distinction of being elected four times by the people of America.
Thus, the Dustbowl was the natural and human disaster which was provoked by human activities, namely wrong methods of farming. At the same time, the disaster revealed the importance of soil conservation and encouraged American farmers to use environmentally friendly techniques of farming which prevented soil erosion. In a long-run perspective, the Dustbowl can be viewed as the warning to people concerning the necessity to prevent the negative impact of human activities on nature to avoid natural disasters.

Roosevelt's place in American history has been fixed due to the New Deal but also because he rose to the highest position in Americadespite having a crippling cardiovascular illness.... [tags: Papers] 1274 words
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Gold Strike, Relating To Cry, - “Gold mining union plans one-day Free State strike” An article dated March 17, 2000 NUM, or South Africa’s National Union of Mineworkers, is organizing a one-day strike at Free State gold mines. They are protesting the poverty and job losses from the mines. NUM is the country’s biggest mining union with 50,000 members, and on March 22 the strike would affect five gold companies; AngloGold Ltd.
Due to the dust bowl kids saw their parents getting broke which affected their, yet unstable psychology. Kids had to play with anything they fund because parents couldn't afford to buy any toys. Bigger kids had to help their parents do different jobs necessary for survival.

, Gold Fields Ltd., Harmony Gold Co., Avgold and African Rainbow Minerals. NUM spokesman Ikaneng Matlala didn’t say, however, how many members of the union would participate on the strike, but did say “All the gold mines in the Free State gold fields are going to embark on a strike.” The prote... [tags: essays research papers] 341 words
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Common People in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men - Common People in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck’s novels The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men reveal and confront the struggles of common individuals in their day-to-day lives. The Grapes of Wrath creates a greater verisimilitude than Of Mice and Men as it illustrates the lives of Oklahoma farmers driven west during the Dustbowl of the late 1930’s. Of Mice and Men deals with a more personal account of two poor men and the tragic ending of their relationship.... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath and William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury - John Steinbeck’s novel, The Grapes of Wrath, and William Faulkner’s novel, The Sound and the Fury Throughout history, many devastating economic, social, and environmental changes have occurred causing people to rise and overcome immense odds. In the 1930s, The Great Depression and the Dustbowl Disaster, a drought with horrific dust storms turning once-fertile agricultural lands of mid-America into virtual wastelands, forced thousands of destitute farmers to pack their families and belongings into their cars in search of agricultural work in central California.
Janke, K. (2002). Survival in the Storm: The Dust Bowl Diary of Grace Edwards, Dalhart, Texas, 1935, New York: Random House.

... [tags: essays papers] 1069 words
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The American Dream in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men - Compare the American Dream with the real lives of the migrant workers in the novel Of Mice and Men. For the Examiner: The page numbers in this essay are from the Longman edition of the novel “Of Mice and Men”.
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The ISBN number of this edition is ISBN0582461464. Please take account of this number when marking my paper. In the 1930’s American novelists were writing novels about the current life in America and past experiences. One of these novelists was John Ernst Steinbeck. Steinbeck was born on 27 February 1902, in Salinas, California, USA.... [tags: Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck]
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Coles’ Ideas in The Tradition: Fact and Fiction - Coles’ Ideas in The Tradition: Fact and Fiction “The documentary tradition as a continually developing “record” that is made in so many ways, with different voices and vision, intents and concerns, and with each contributor, finally, needing to meet a personal text” (Coles 218). Coles writes “The Tradition: Fact and Fiction” and describes the process of documenting, and what it is to be a documentarian. He clearly explains through many examples and across disciplines that there is no “fact or fiction” but it is intertwined, all in the eye of the maker.... [tags: Photography Journalism Coles Essays Papers]
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Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck - Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck George and Lennie are examples of 'migrant' or 'itinerant' farm workers who fuelled and made possible the intensive farming economy. These men would travel great distances, however they could, often by foot, or by the empty boxcars that were later used to carry the grain they helped to farm. They would receive $2.50 - $3.00 a day, plus board, which meant food and a room. The food would be very basic, the room sometimes not more than a small tent shared with many other workers.... [tags: Papers] 1139 words
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Similarities Between Burns' Poem, To A Mouse, and Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men - The word “original” is often used to describe paintings that have been manufactured by hand, but it is not clear whether hand-made copies of work are still considered so. When an artist copies another’s art, is his own art original now that it has been tainted by the thoughts’ of others. The poem “To A Mouse” by Robert Burns served as inspiration for John Steinbeck when writing the famed tragedy “Of Mice and Men.” Steinbeck, a Nobel prize-winning author, set many of his books during the Great Depression or the California Dustbowl, times when the future seemed bleak.... [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism] 1367 words
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Of Mice and Men and the Great Depression - The 1930s in American history was an interesting period that merges strife with everlasting hope. John Steinbeck's literature takes a snapshot of this time with realistic circumstances appropriate for the time. Of Mice and Men reflects the Great Depression Era by presenting the storyline in the agricultural setting of 1930s California, describing the hardships of migrant field workers, and mentioning the dreams and goals of various characters. The United States felt the reverberating effects of their failing economy during the 1930s.... [tags: American Literature ]
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Arguements Over the Causes of the Great Depression - ... Roll on Columbia, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013. . Carol, Sarah. "Causes of the Great Depression." Causes of the Great Depression. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013. . "Drought in the Dust Bowl Years." Drought in the Dust Bowl Years. National Drought Migration Center, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013. . The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.... [tags: distribution, purchasing power, tariffs ]
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The Federal Reserves' Role During the Great Depression - ... Boone, Lynette. "Dust Bowl and the Great Depression." Roll On Columbia the Documentary. Roll on Columbia, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013. . Carol, Sarah. "Causes of the Great Depression." Causes of the Great Depression. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013. . "Drought in the Dust Bowl Years." Drought in the Dust Bowl Years. National Drought Migration Center, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013. .... [tags: dust bowl, economy, unemployment]
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The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck - John Steinbeck’s novel, The Grapes of Wrath, was first written and later published in the 1939. From the time of its publication to date, the exemplary yet a simple book has seen Steinbeck win a number of highly coveted awards including Pulitzer Prize in 1940 and later on Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962. Set at the time of the Great Depression, the book most remarkably gives a descriptive account of the Oklahoma based sharecropper Joad’ poor family in the light of economic hardship, homelessness, and the impacts of worst changing agricultural and financial sectors to the poor in America then.... [tags: Novel Analysis, Summary] 1027 words
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Modern Society in The Wizard of Oz - I have chosen to write about the wizard of Something is typically considered modern according to dicitonary.com, an online repository of word definitions as ‘characteristic of present and recent; contemporary; not antiquated or obsolete’. This viewpoint of the contemporary manifests itself in the onward march of technological progress and the innate human desire to advance and improve on those that came before us. To be modern is to accept that the past is of a lesser state of development than how we are living in modern times, and that the current paradigm of contemporary society is a clear and present progressivist as stated by the article Redefining the Modern World 2013 ‘We define "n... [tags: film, society, modern] 1449 words
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Wealthy Tycoons Buy Rights to Blue Gold - ... Water just like any other scarcity will make for an excellent investment opportunity. Pickens and Mesa Water are acquiring a sufficient amount water rights and political power to turn America’s heartland into a dustbowl. Legally Pickens has the right to buy the water and sell it back to us for profit because water is governed at the state level. “The reason that the former oil tycoon and corporate raider is able to treat this water like a marketable commodity-just like oil and natural gas-is because Texas law says he can.” In Texas groundwater law is judge-made law, resulting from the English common law rule of "absolute ownership.” The groundwater belongs to the property-owner, which... [tags: acquifers, water, mesa water] 759 words
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The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck - ... Any glimpse of hope the” Fambly” receives is quickly taken away making life even more difficult for the characters to live. Rose of Sharon goes through a lot during the story, her husband leaves her not only does he leave her he leaves her while she is pregnant. To make the whole thing worse she ends up having a still born. Steinbeck has the people in the story say things like “ I only got five bucks to my name” to show how hard life was during that time(Steinbeck 233).Many people in the Great Depression didn’t have jobs or money to keep their houses pay for food or anything.... [tags: hope and loss of hope] 586 words
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Famine is Not a Natural Disaster - This is the moment when we must come together to save this planet. Let us resolve that we will not leave our children a world where the oceans rise and famine spreads and terrible storms devastate our lands. - Barack Obama This quote taken from a speech that Barack Obama gave whilst running for the presidency will go down in history as an embodiment of the vision of hope and change that gave life to his campaign. It also is an explicit reference to anti-global warming movement. Although the sentiment is profoundly noble it is rather interesting that famine is presented in the same vein as sea rise and storms, that is to say presented as a direct result of environmental issues.... [tags: Environment Poverty Agriculture]
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The Difference between Weather and Climate - According to (Gutro, 2005) “Weather is basically the way the atmosphere is behaving, mainly with respect to its effect upon life and human activities.” Climate is different from weather it consists of the short term changes in the atmosphere, while climate is the weather over a long period of time. Weather is made up of sunshine, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, sleet, freezing rain, flood, blizzards, ice storms, and thunderstorms, steady rains from a cold front, excessive heat, heat wave and more (Gutro, 2005).... [tags: atmospheric conditions over time]
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Making the Depression Less Depressing - The Wizard of Oz: Making the Depression Less Depressing In the years since Victor Fleming's filem the Wizard of Oz, based on the novel by L. Frank Baum, Was released in 1939, "it has become one of the foundations of American...culture" (Constantakis, 310). The film begin is grey, dustbowl Kansas, a land wraked by the Great Depression. The Depression began with the stock market crash of 1929 and lasting more than ten years before the United States entered World War II and began to get the economy moving again.... [tags: great depression, the wizardof oz]
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True Grit by Charles Portis - ... Comradeship and untamed responses An aspect of friendship develops between the protagonist in the “True Grit” and Cogburn regardless of the character diversity in as much the same way as the law enforcers in the Indian Territory related among themselves. Portis (68) compares Mattie’s firm, abstemious character with Rooster’s obsession with alcohol and blasphemy. Nonetheless, the two characters share a trait, and this enables them to create a bond based on mutual respect. The characters have a natural sense of "true grit" ingrained in them.... [tags: story and historical analysis] 1544 words
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Understanding Modernist Writing - Around 1906, modernist writing was used, but did not yet have a name. James Joyce was the first person to write in a modernist way. It was not until later that the name modernism was established.
Establishing health care facilities and supplies to meet emergency medical needs.

It was mainly involved with language and how it is used. Modernism is known as a result of the struggle families went through during a certain period of time. Many other authors use modernism in a similar way. To fully understand modernist poetry, a definition and a break down is needed. Modernism is better known as a reflection of historical events.... [tags: essays research papers] 1293 words
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Is China's Time Up? - China’s great economic power house has the potential to be destroyed by a few grains of sand. Mother Nature may bring China to its knees in as little as twenty years. According to many scientists, desertification of western China will lead to mass relocation of people and great social upheaval (Ding, Bao, Ma, 1998). Whereas other scientists look towards China’s past to see that indeed the western desert has helped to bring down dynasties of the past. China has embarked on a massive ecology program trying to hold back the sand that is marching towards the capital Beijing (Pocha, 2008).... [tags: International Government ]
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The Global Water Shortage - “At least 36 states are expected to face water shortages within the next five years, according to U.S. Government estimates,” cites David Gutierrez, a journalist for Natural News, an online journal (Gutierrez 1). This is an astounding number; another shocking statistic is that seventy-two percent of the United States geographical area will face imminent shortages of a material vital to survival. The question is no longer whether or not a water shortage is in our near future; the real question is where this catastrophe will occur, how severe its effects will be, and how society can reduce its impact.... [tags: Global Water Crisis]
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Grapes of Wrath - The novel The Grapes of Wrath is in many ways a one-of-a-kind piece of literature. This work is set up unlike any other book, written in a series of chapters and inter-chapters, which do a amazing job of informing the reader of the travels the characters in the book are going through. Not only does the story focus on the problems one family goes through, but explains the problem is happening to many more people than the story focus's on. Steinbeck does not leave out a single detail about the Joad family and their journey to California, and that in itself is what makes his writing so entertaining.... [tags: essays research papers] 562 words
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Symbols and Symbolism in John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath - Symbols and Symbolism in John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath Symbolism in The Grapes of Wrath is extremely complex, with many images drawn from the Old and New Testaments. However, Steinbeck as usual was eclectic in his use of symbols, and a great deal of the novel is given to either pagan and universal archetypes, or to highly original meanings unique to the author's own vision and experience. While acknowledging the Judeo-Christian content, these other symbols are just as important, and an exploration into their use in Steinbeck's work, reveal their real significance.... [tags: Grapes Wrath essays Steinbeck Essays]
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Role of Language and Diversity in the Critical Thinking Process - Never realizing that my life was nothing but a metaphor until now this paper will attempt to communicate some of my experiences in those terms. While this is a new concept for me and I find it difficult to find the words and metaphoric examples which will describe parts of my life and experience I will make the attempt and hope you enjoy them. Traveling to Egypt in 1994 was a great experience for me and I took in all of the wonders that country could offer. The pyramids were mountains that one could stand next to.... [tags: Critical Thinking Process] 1019 words
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Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Diary Entry - Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Diary Entry 19th June 1931: I sat on a broken down tree log, thinking of the good years, the swing of Hollywood, the extravagant theatres with their gold furnishings and the warmth and happiness of every stranger who walked by on the street. As I sat on the broken tree I noticed the sound of trickling water "splish, splash, splish". It soothed my mind, but it brought me back into the reality of my miserable life. I had already walked 8 miles in the baking hot heat, but it felt more like 80 miles.... [tags: Papers] 1170 words
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The Selfishness Of Man in Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath - The Selfishness of Man Cultural and economical pressures often lead people to behave corruptly. In John Steinbeck?s novel, The Grapes of Wrath, set in the dustbowl era, people act out of greed rather than out of consideration or kindness. Tom Joad and his family have been run off their land by inconsiderate, money hungry businessmen who do not care about the impact homelessness will have on the evictees. The story revolves around the Joad Family?s trip (joined by former preacher Casey) from Oklahoma to California, along route 66, where they expect to find work.... [tags: essays research papers] 1032 words
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New Deal and the end of the Depression - New Deal and the end of the Depression The depression was a time that America had not prepared for. The banks had financial difficulties when people lost their borrowed money on the stock market. Unemployment was very high with many businesses losing money through over-production and under-consumption. Therefore many factory workers were put out a job. With 14.5million workers being unemployed in 1933 the factories profits had fallen dramatically. With firms doing badly, the whole country suffered.... [tags: Papers] 745 words
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Evaluating the Success of the New Deal - Evaluating the Success of the New Deal After The Great Depression America elected Roosevelt to be the President hoping he would get them away from the Depression which was effecting nearly everyone at the time. Roosevelt did get them away from the Depression he made the alphabet agencies, these were Relief, Recovery and Reform agencies helping America. During the New Deal unemployment fell from 25% to 14%, Roosevelt gave the average American Hope however not everything was perfect.... [tags: Papers] 547 words
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The Main Features of the New Deal - The Main Features of the New Deal Roosevelt came to power in the year 1932. His aim was to invest government money into making America prosperous again after the great depression years. His main aims were to reduce unemployment (which involved getting Americans to earn money again), to protect people's savings, homes and livelihoods, to provide relief for the ill, elderly and unemployed and to get American industry and agriculture running once again. During the first hundred days Roosevelt worked tirelessly to transform America.... [tags: Papers] 1217 words
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Themes Of Unity In The Grapes - John Steinbeck's novel, The Grapes of Wrath, is a moving account of the social plight of Dustbowl farmers and is widely considered an American classic. The novel takes place during the depression of the 1930s in Oklahoma and all points west to California. Steinbeck uses the Joad family as a specific example of the general plight of the poor farmers. The Joads are forced off of their farm in Oklahoma by the banks and drought, and they, like many other families of the time, head out for the promised land of California.... [tags: essays research papers] 1499 words
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Main Features of the New Deal - Main Features of the New Deal In 1932 Roosevelt came to power. He aimed to invest government money in making America prosperous again after the depression years of Hoover. Roosevelt's main aims were to reduce unemployment and get Americans earning money again, to protect peoples savings, homes and livelihoods, to provide relief for the ill, the elderly and the unemployed and to get American industry and agriculture running once again. In his first hundred days in charge in charge Roosevelt worked tirelessly to transform America, using new laws, acts and the full power of the government to steer America out of the depression.... [tags: Papers] 1677 words
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The Success of the New Deal - The Success of the New Deal Was the New Deal a success. The new deal was a success felt by many Americans, there was prosperity and for the first time hope for a better future. There were a lot of successes in the new deal, unemployment being one of the biggest, was brought down from nearly 13 million to just under 8 million. Millions of long-term jobs were created using alphabet agencies. For the first time in American history a welfare state was introduced, millions of people received relief, often food, shelter and clothing.... [tags: Papers] 806 words
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The Effects of The New Deal - The Effects of The New Deal 1. The New Deal helped many Americans and by doing this it gave them self respect. It gave them confidence to lift the United States out of Depression. 2. The New Deal wasted a lot of money. It made people dependent on the government and led to the government becoming too powerful. It did not solve America’s problems - the Second World War did that. Which interpretation is best supported by the evidence in the sources and your own knowledge of American history.... [tags: Papers] 1314 words
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Star child evolution in 2001 - The Evolution of the Star-Child Film both reflects and creates social culture. Indeed, a film indicates social trends, presents ideas, and analyzes history for its contemporary time period; thus, by viewing a film it becomes possible to infer and make judgments about a society's culture. The filmmaker's message is embedded within the plot and symbolism, and filmmakers often critique social culture through their movies. It is possible to view the evolution of culture through the progression of films over time.... [tags: essays research papers] 1046 words
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The Dobe Ju/' hoansi - The Dobe Ju/' hoansi Ch 10: The Ju/' hoansi & their neighbors o The Ju/'hoansi share the Dobe area with the Herero and Tswana pastorals. o They grow crops and have herds yet are all based on kinship and are don't have developed markets or governments. o Herero's are the largest groups of in the Dobe area. They are Bantu speaking people. o Were influenced by the German missionaries who pushed them out of their land. They attacked colonists and Germany declared war, ultimately killing 60% of them.... [tags: essays research papers] 746 words
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Of Mice and Men - Of Mice and Men Settings The novel is set near the town of Soledad, a real town in southern California. The town lies on the Salinas River, an area with which Steinbeck was well acquainted as he was born in the town of Salinas, further to the North. The first chapter takes place beside the river, while the central portion of the book takes place on the ranch where George and Lennie find jobs. Again, Steinbeck knew this kind of place well as he had worked as a ranch-hand and casual labourer.... [tags: Papers] 1598 words
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Dust Bowl - According to answers.com, a dust bowl is a region reduced to aridity by drought and dust storms. The best-known dust bowl is doubtless the one that hit the United States between 1933 and 1939. One major cause of that Dust Bowl was severe droughts during the 1930’s. The other cause was capitalism. Over-farming and grazing in order to achieve high profits killed of much of the plain’s grassland and when winds approached, nothing was there to hold the devastated soil on the ground. The Dust Bowl affected the Great Plains which consist of parts of the U.S.... [tags: American History] 917 words
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Reintroducing Wolves to Yellowstone and Idaho - 1914 began the official war of the wolves. This year Congress officially approves funds for the eradication of wolves, cougars, and other destructive animals. Wolves were declared destructive to agricultural and big game interests and formally hunted. Nearly a century later, in 1995, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park and Idaho's Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness(Phillips, 1996, p20). The reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone National Park did not end the debate of whether wolves should stay or go.... [tags: Wolf Reintroduction]
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Wildlife Preservation in Thinking Like a Mountain - Wildlife Preservation in Thinking Like a Mountain In Thinking Like a Mountain, the author, Aldo Leopold, writes of the importance of wildlife preservation through examples of the symbiotic relationship of animals and plant-life with a mountain. He asks the reader to perceive the processes of a mountainous environment in an unusual way. Aldo Leopold wants the reader to "think" like a mountain instead of thinking of only the immediate, or as the hunter did. Taking away one feature of an ecosystem may eventually destroy everything else that that environment is composed of.... [tags: Papers] 759 words
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Protection of the World's Topsoil - Protection of the World's Topsoil The protection of the worlds topsoil is vital to us. The soil is still the major medium for plant and crop growth and our basic resource for land use and development. Imagine our world without soil. A barren land with almost no plant growth and constant dustbowls to block out our sunlight. Erosion would destroy our mountain ranges. Our lakes, rivers and oceans would be clogged with sediments. Like any of our worlds problems, we must educate people about the problems and risks and how the depletion of topsoil affects our everyday needs.... [tags: Papers] 2352 words
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