Write a Short Essay on Dussehra Festival
Dussehra is the festival of Kshattriyas. But all Hindus observe this festival with great joy.
Dussehra comes in the Hindi month of Kuwar.
It is said that in olden days, the kings and rulers marched out of their kingdoms to conquer new areas on this very day after the rainy season.
On Vijayadashami, the traditional Dasara procession (locally known as Jumboo Savari) is held on the streets of Mysore city. The main attraction of this procession is the idol of the Goddess Chamundeshwari which is placed on a golden mantapa (which is around 750 kilograms of gold) on the top of a decorated elephant. This idol is worshipped by the royal couple and other invitees before it is taken around in the procession. Colourful tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels form a part of the procession which starts from the Mysore Palace and culminates at a place called Bannimantap where the banni tree is worshipped. According to a legend of the Mahabharata, banni tree was used by the Pandavas to hide their weapons during their one-year period of Agnatavasa (living life incognito). Before undertaking any warfare, the kings traditionally worshipped this tree to help them emerge victorious in the war. The Dasara festivities would culminate on the night of Vijayadashami with an event held in the grounds at Bannimantap called as Panjina Kavayatthu (torch-light parade).
It is also said that the Goddess Durga killed the demon on this day. Hence this festival is observed on this day in Her honour.
It is also said that Ram killed Ravana on this day. The festival has different meanings for the different people.
On the tenth day, there is a great fair. Huge number of people comes to watch the show. Children are particularly in a mood to fun and enjoyment. They wear new clothes. There are shops of many kinds. The toy sellers and sweet sellers have a good business on this day. Women can be seen in large numbers around the chat stall. Shops of toys are crowded with children. Children also like to buy balloons. Everyone is happy and enjoys himself. The whole environment wears a festive look.
People think that any work begun on this day will bring good luck. The Kshattriyas take out their arms.
They clean and worship them on this day. In the evening, people go to visit friends and relations at their houses Betels are freely offered to visitors on this day.
Thus, the festival comes to an end on this day. People go back to their homes. There is a sea of people all around. It is difficult to find way in the crowd. Dussehra is a festival of joy. It reminds us of the victory of good over evil.
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The girls also observe this festival in a special way. They sow barley seeds in open pots full of earth or in some comer of the courtyard of the house few days before this festival.
The city of Mysuru has a long tradition of celebrating the Dasara festival with grandeur and pomp to mark the festival. The Dasara festival in Mysuru completed 400th anniversary in year 2010, while evidence suggests the festivities were observed in Karnataka state by the Vijayanagara Empire kings in the 15th century.
The seeds grow into plants about six inches high by this day The sisters pick them up and put few of them over the ears of their brothers and apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers. In return, they get small gifts from their brothers.
The shop-keepers decorate their shops. The sweet sellers’ shops are full of new sweets on this day.
Dussehra is celebrated for ten days. Preparations for the festival start many days earlier. A big fair is held. Shops and stalls are erected near the place where the goddess is worshipped. The effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarana and Meghnad are prepared. Ram Lila is enacted during the nights. Different events of the life of Lord Rama is dramatised in the Ram Lila. There is great hustle and bustle during the Ram Lila. Thousands of men, women and children gather in the Ram Lila ground to enjoy the show.
They have good sale on this day.
The toy sellers also have good business. The poorest man also buys some sweets and toys for his children. The merchants and traders worship their Bahi’s and open fresh account on this day.
The Hindu festival of Dasara, Navratri and Vijayadashami celebrates the victory of good over evil. It was the day in the Hindu legends when Goddess Chamundeshwari (Durga) killed the demon Mahishasura. Mahishasura is the demon whose slaying by the Goddess gave the city the name Mysuru. The Mysuru tradition celebrates the warriors and the state fighting for the good during this festival, ritually worshipping and displaying the state sword, weapons, elephants, horses along with Hindu Devi goddess in her warrior form (predominantly) as well as the Vishnu avatar Rama. The ceremonies and a major procession is traditionally presided by the king of Mysuru.
The most important and interesting thing about this festival is Ram Lila. At many places Ram Lila is staged for a number of days.
The life story of Shri Ram is shown from the beginning to the end. There are dramatic companies that perform Ram Lila for some payments.
The Dasara festivities began with the Vijayanagar kings as early as the 15th Century. The festival played a historical role in the 14th-century Vijayanagara Empire, where it was called Mahanavami and the festivities are shown in the relief artwork of the outer wall of the Hazara Rama temple of Hampi.
Every day in the evening Jhankis are taken out. Death of Ravana is staged on this day. They make a huge Ravana of paper on a bamboo frame.
This Ravana fights with Ram and Laxman. He is killed and burnt. To see this scene, people of the town come in large numbers and there is a great joy everywhere.
Lila ground. There is a fight between Ram and Ravana there. Ravana is killed. There is a great rejoicing after the act. Then the tall effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarana and Meghnad are set on fire. The effigies are stuffed with crackers. They start burning with great bang of crackers. Within no time the effigies are reduced to ashes. There is a huge crowd of spectators.
The children are very happy. They see the Ram Lila with great interest for ten days. The story of Ram teaches us many good things.